Jean Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development

Topics: Jean Piaget, Kohlberg's stages of moral development, Theory of cognitive development Pages: 5 (1236 words) Published: October 3, 2015


Over time many theories based on the development of children have been created. These theories are based on Cognitive, personal, and social Development. As well as individual and group differences.
Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget, observed how children learn and develop. His observations led to the discovery that children have certain problem-solving strengths and weaknesses depending upon their age. Through extensive research and observations, Piaget developed the theory of cognitive development. Piaget’s theory concluded that cognitive development occurs in four distinct stages; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations. Children progress through the four stages of hierarchical development, building on the...

Kohlberg focused on the moral development of children, and provided groundbreaking research to defend his theory. In his study, Kohlberg gave children and adults numerous moral dilemmas and asked them what they would do in these situations and why. Through gathering his research, Kohlberg concluded that as children grow older, they develop increasingly complex views of morality. He proposed that the development of moral reasoning by six stages grouped into three general levels of morality: preconventional, conventional and...

There a variety of differences amongst students in a classroom which include gender, socioeconomic, cultural, and ethnic differences. As a teacher, it is important to be aware of these differences in order to maximize the learning and development of all students. Dealing with children form various ethnic groups and cultures can be especially challenging. Teachers must be attentive towards students with cultural/ethnic differences, and may have to adapt their teaching styles in order to create a culturally inclusive classroom. For example, if a teaching was doing a lesson on music and art, he/she could play songs, and show artwork from various cultures. This would allow students to explore the different cultures they might not know much about, as well as make all the students feel included. However, this can be challenging task if a teacher has many students from various cultures. Additionally, as a teacher it would be challenging to make sure all of the students understand and respect each others...
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