A. Cognitive (Piaget)
Cognitive theories of development look at how thought processes and mental operations influence growth and change. Cognitive theory is looking at the development of a person 's thought processes. It also looks at how these thought processes influence how we understand and interact with the world.
One theorist and cognitive thinker was Jean Piaget, who gave an idea about how we think about child development. This is that children think differently than adults.
Jean Piaget created one of the most famous theories of cognitive development he suggested that children are not just passive recipients of information. Instead, he states that children are like little scientists who actively construct their knowledge and understanding of the world.
Piaget then proposed a theory of cognitive development to account for the steps and sequence of children 's intellectual development.
Piaget’s stages of cognitive development:
Sensory-motor (0-2 years) – development of object permanence
- child to use symbols (language)
Pre-operational (2-7 years) - child uses symbols in play and thought
- inability to conserve
Concrete operational (7-11 years) - ability to conserve
- children began to solve mental problems using practical supports such as counters and objects
Formal operational (11-15 years) - young people can think about situations that they have not experience - they can juggle with ideas in their minds
Links to EYFS
Piaget’s work has meant that early years settings and schools have attempted to provide more hands-on and relevant tasks for children and young people. Teachers start by working out the needs of children and plan activities accordingly.
Piaget’s work initiated the process of ‘baseline assessments’ for children i.e. children are tested on their stage of development and then appropriate activities are provided to promote and extend learning. Practitioners should assess at