Early Childhood - 2 years to 6 years of age
PS220 Child and Adolescent Psychology
September 30, 2014
Professor Linda Smith
Early Childhood - 2 years to 6 years of age I will discuss children in early childhood which is between two and six years of age. In this stage of development children are changing and growing rapidly. They are start to learn new motor skills, there is pretend play and they are also learning more language skills. While every child develops at their own pace, there are some milestones you can expect to see each year from most children (Chaloux, 2014). By age two children begin pretend play more, by age three the child is able to focus more and are not distracted by things around them. By age four the child can usually count to 10 and write some letter, particularly the letters in their names. By age five the child is able to think more imaginatively so they are able to solve more complicated problems. By age six the child’s attention span is longer and they are more independent wanting to do things on their own, although they still need direction.
Physical development in early childhood is generally at a slow and steady pace. The average preschooler growth is under three feet at the age of two to a little under four feet tall by age six. By age six most children weigh between thirty-five and sixty pounds. The child also begins to develop and master motor skills.
Cognitive development the child’s language skills begin to develop very quickly. At this point the child will also start using language as their major form of communication and their vocabulary also starts to expand and a rapid rate.
The child starts to get an understanding of what is right and wrong, and is more prone to imitate what he may see his parents do. This means that if parent has a habit of swearing, it would be good to try and get rid of this habit since children will repeat what they have heard. By the same token,
References: Atherton J S (2013) Learning and Teaching; Piaget 's developmental theory [On-line: UK] retrieved 1 October 2014 from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/piaget.htm Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent development: A chronological approach. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Chalou, S. (2014). Early Childhood Development From 2 to 6 Years of Age. Retrieved from GlobalPost: http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/early-childhood-development-2-6-years-age-2349.html