Theories of Learning

Powerful Essays
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of Contents- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Introduction- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
I. Piaget’s Cognitive Development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3
II. Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6
III. Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- 7
IV. Vygotsky’s Socio Cultural Theory of Development- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10
V. Learners with Exceptionalities - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11
VI. Behaviorism -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15
VII. Neo-Behaviorism - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ¬¬-22
VIII.Information Processing- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - -24
IX. Gestalt Psychology - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -27
X. Bruner’s Constructivist Theory - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -29
XI. Ausubel’s Meaningful Verbal Learning/ Subsumption Theory- - - - - - - - - - - 35
XII. Gagne’s Conditions of Learning- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --39
XII. References - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 43

Introduction
Education is not a preparation for life but life itself according to John Dewey(1893). It is but natural that life inside the premises of the four corners of the classroom is a microcosm of what it happening in our society. The current trends in education reflect our maturity as a society. Our adherence to the democratic principles which is manifested in equal representation is evident in the

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