The Modern Mind is a very compelling, complex and versatile subject to the world around us and our cultures. It offers so much insight into how it shaped the Humanities. The most well-known man for contributing to the importance of the modern mind is Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Freud was known for his theories of psychoanalysis and his study of the unconscious mind. Freud “theorized that human consciousness was in a constant struggle with repressed, unconscious desires”. One of the ways Freud was important to the humanities and culture was the fact that he was the main source of inspiration for “surreal” artists. Surreal art is a form of art that can be described as “A 20th-century artistic movement that attempts to express the workings of the subconscious and is characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtaposition of subject matter”. Artists took the ides that Freud made public about the unconscious mind & what is all meant and turned it into art. A famous artist that is well-known for using Freud’s theories is Salvador Dali. Salvador Dali (1904-1989) called his paintings “hand-painted dream photographs”. The painting he is most popular for is the ‘Persistence of memory’. This painting (analyzed by own opinions) depicts a photo is time wasting away sort of say. It has four watches, or clocks, slowly melting away and dissipating into the photo. Dali said “they are nothing more than the soft, extravagant, solitary, paranoiac-critical Camembert cheese of space and time.” His art exemplifies Freud’s theories. Another artist that tries to utilize Freud’s concepts is Giorgio de Chirico, who painted the Mystery and Melancholy of a Street.
Another way the modern mind has made its importance to our culture is modernism in literature. "Literature adds to reality, it does not simply describe it. It enriches the necessary competencies that daily life requires and provides; and in this respect, it irrigates the deserts that our lives have already...
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