Citizenship Notes

Topics: Human rights, Democracy, Crime Pages: 26 (3679 words) Published: April 26, 2012
Citizenship Notes

Chapter 1

ADVOCACY – The representation or support of a person or an organisation by writing, speaking or taking action on behalf of that person or organisation.

PRESSURE GROUP – A group of people who take action to try to influence the government about a specific issue.

CAMPAIGNING – Actions or events organised by an individual or group of people to achieve an aim.

Suffrage – Right to vote

Chapter 2

Each councillor in the cabinet has a special responsibility for one of the services, e.g. education.

Chapter 3

Rights – Something we are entitled to by the law.

Responsibilities – Something that we are expected to do – a duty.

Trading Standard Officers – They give advice and investigate complaints.

The Office of Fair Trading (OFT) – A government department that deals with consumer issues.

The Sales of Goods Act 1979 – This refers to all goods sold and states that they should be as described of satisfactory quality and fit for purpose.

The Sales of Goods and Services Act 1982 – This deals with the services that you pay for e.g. hairdressing or building etc. You should make a contract of the cost, details and the time it’s going to take, in case things go wrong.

Chapter 4

How Laws are Made

Chapter 5

Proportional Representation – A system of electing people that reflects the wishers of the voter.

Lowering the voting age to 16

|FOR |AGAINST | |If you are 16+ you are allowed to marry with parental consent and |Many 16-18 year olds don not want to vote and they are not mature | |bring up children. You are allowed to join the army. You are charged|enough to consider all the options that the political parties offer.| |adult fares on transport and other services, yet you are not old |16-18 years olds might just copy their parents and friends on who | |enough to vote. You are allowed to work full time, so you pay taxes,|they vote for, without considering the alternatives. According to | |but you have no say on what your taxes are being spent on. You are |statistics, 18-24 year olds are the least likeliest to vote, so | |taught the democratic process in school and you are encouraged to |16-18 year olds will be less likely to vote, so it will reduce the | |participate in politics. |overall turnout. |

Should voting be compulsory?

|FOR |AGAINST | |Over the last 10-15 years, there has been a decline in voting. If |It removes a person’s choice. It is an infringement of the right to | |you make in compulsory then more people will vote. It will increase |make a choice. Some people are not interested in politics so they | |the turnout, so the winner will represent the majority of the |will make a random vote. We have the right not to vote. Compulsory | |people. |voting does not enhance democracy. People forced to vote are | |A true democratic mandate for the government. Decrease apathy. Civic|unlikely to vote intelligently. Voting does not make sense as a | |duty to vote. Cause more people to become interested in politics. |rewardable/punishable action. |

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