A good introduction should introduce child development with particular attention to ‘holistic’ development and describe expected patterns of development and what this means.
Child development is a stage that every child goes through. This process involves learning and mastering skills like sitting, walking, talking, skipping, eating and tying shoes. Children learn these skills called developmental milestones during predictable time periods. Children develop skills in five main areas of development: 1. Cognitive Development. This is the child’s ability to learn and solve problems. For example, this includes a two-month-old baby learning to explore the environment with hands or eyes and a five-year-old learning how to do simple math problems. 2. Social and Emotional Development. This is the child’s ability to interact with others, including helping themselves and self-control. Examples of this type of development would include: a six-week-old baby smiling, a ten-month-old baby waving bye-bye or a five-year-old boy knowing how to take turns in games at school. 3. Speech and Language Development. This is the child’s ability to both understand and use language. For example, this includes a 12-month-old baby saying their first words, a two-year-old naming parts of their body, a five-year-old learning to say ‘feet’ instead of ‘foots’. 4. Fine Motor Skill Development. This is the child’s ability to use small muscles, specifically their hands and fingers, to pick up small objects, hold a spoon, turn pages in a book, or use a crayon to draw. 5. Gross Motor Skill Development. This is the child’s ability to use large muscles. For example, a six-month-old baby learns how to sit up with some support, a 12-month-old baby learns to pull up to a stand holding onto furniture, and a five-year-old learns how to skip.
‘Holistic Development’ is looking at all aspects of a child’s development.