Assessment Criteria 1 – Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 Years.
Children and young people develop in the following ways: * Biologically * Physically * Emotionally.
As they grow they progress from being dependant on parents and carers to being able to make rational and informed decisions.
The rate of development can depend on a range of factors including a genetic controlled process known as maturation or as a result of environmental factors and learning but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It is human nature to have the ability to learn from our environment and adapt to our surroundings.
When looking at how children and young people develop it is usual to divide development into the following five areas of development which are often co-dependent, I will discuss each separately: A Physical Development - is where children increase in all physical skills including * Fine motor skills - this is the ability to perform small, accurate movements i.e. using their hands to be able to eat, draw, dress, play and write among many other things, * Gross motor skills - is the ability to move the whole body well using large groups of muscles to sit, stand, walk and run, * Locomotive Movement - is keeping balance, changing positions and walking correctlyThe physical development area allows children to become more independent. | Age | Sequence of Development | Birth | At birth babies are unable to control their movements but are born with many reflexes often linked to survival for instance: * Swallowing and suckling – to ensure they can feed. * Rooting – If mouth or cheek is touched a baby will move its head towards a teat or nipple, to help the baby find milk. * Grasp – a baby will automatically put their fingers around an item which is placed on the palm of