Child development

Topics: Jean Piaget, Childhood, Developmental psychology Pages: 43 (15024 words) Published: January 19, 2014
CYP Core 3.3: Understanding child and young person development. Unit reference L/601/1693
1.1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. Physical development: 0-3 years.
This is a period of fast physical development. New born babies have little control over their bodies. The sucking and grasping reflexes are there in order to survive. In the first year of life they gradually get more control over their bodies. By 12 months most babies have developed a degree of mobility and are able to roll over unaided, sit up unsupported, they may be able to pull themselves up using furniture as support and crawl around. By 2-3 years they are now able to move around freely and be able to walk and run with confidence and ride a tricycle. .They are now able to use their hands for holding small objects ,pointing and are able to start feeding themselves. The children will be more able to hold a pencil and mark make on paper. Intellectual and cognitive development: 0-3 years.

Babies will start to take an interest in the things around them; they begin to recognise familiar voices and faces. They enjoy repetitive games such as peek-a-boo. Young children are now beginning to be able to recognise and identify different items and can point to them. Communication and language development: 0-3 years.

At this stage babies will listen to language around them although at a very young age they will not understand what is being said to them. Babies communicate their needs by crying. They begin to enjoy songs and repetitive games like peek-a-boo at an early age. At about 6 months they will start babbling and making noises. Most babies will start to try to speak at around 12 months; pronunciation will not be clear and will be single words. Between 1 and 2 years old children start to string along more words and their vocabulary will increase. By the time they reach 2 years old they may have a vocabulary of 200 or more words. As the child progresses they will begin to add plurals, however they will still make errors in grammar and sentence structure. Social, emotional, behavioural and moral development: 0-3 years. Babies will start to bond and form strong attachments to familiar people; usually this is firstly with parents/carers. As the child gets older they start to want to do more for themselves such as dressing and feeding. At this stage of development they may start to have tantrums through frustration. Young children will be still playing a lone at this stage and will play in parallel to their peers. Physical development: 3-7 years.

Children can now perform more co-ordinated tasks and movements; they will now be growing in confidence. Fine motor skills are developing and they will now be able to hold and have more control over objects like pencils and scissors; holding them with a pincer grip (using fingers). Young children are now able to confidently navigate the use of large apparatus such as climbing frame they are now able to balance better. The use of gross motor skills are developing and children start to become more confident in kicking a ball, hopping and running and they are able to stop and start and change direction with ease. Communication and language development: 3-7 years.

As children’s speech and language develop they will begin to use lots of familiar phrases and expressions. They ask lots of questions particularly why! They are able to talk about things in their life and experiences and give detailed accounts of events. They are able to talk in past and future tenses with greater confidence. Intellectual and cognitive development: 3-7 years.

Children are continuing to learn and show great interest in their environment and the world around them. At this stage they will be acquiring many new skills. Number and writing skills are improving. Social, emotional, behaviour and moral development: 3-7 years. At this age children usually start to be able to separate from parents and...
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