Name____________________________________________________________Per.______ Robert W. StrayerWays of the World: A Brief Global History
Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources
Chapter 19 Study Guide, Internal Troubles, External Threats: China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan, 1800-1914, Study Guide (Original: pp. 559-586; With Sources: pp. 877-903) The External Challenge: European Industry and Empire
1. What were the four dimensions of European imperialism that showed how China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan were active participants in the global drama of the 19th C. world history and not merely passive victims or beneficiaries? 2. In what ways did the Industrial Revolution shape the character of 19th C. European imperialism? 3. What were the criteria by which Europeans judged both themselves and the rest of the world? 4. What contributed to changing European views of Asians and Africans in the 19th C.?
Reversal of Fortune: China’s Century of Crisis
5. In what ways was China a victim of its earlier success? 6. What was the culmination of China’s internal crisis by 1850? Why? 7. What did the revolutionary leaders insist on changing?
8. What destroyed the revolutionary rebels?
9. What were the consequences of saving the Qing Dynasty?
10. How did Western pressure stimulate change in China during the 19th C. to its end? 11. What strategies did China adopt to confront its various problems during the 1860s and 1870s? 12. Explain the Boxer Rebellion of 1900.
The Ottoman Empire and the West in the Nineteenth Century
13. Why was the Ottoman Empire known as “The Sick Man of Europe”?
14. What two forces helped to diminish the size of the Ottoman Empire? 15. What were the political and economic problems of the Ottoman Empire? Politically,
16. Compare Ottoman Empire reforms with China during the 19th century. 17. In what ways did the Ottoman state under Sultan Selim III try to reform itself in its attempt to modernize? ▪
18. Explain the “Young Ottomans” urgings of Islamic Modernism. 19. How did Sultan Abd al-Hamid II rule the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909) after he had taken office? 20. What did the Young Turks do to oppose the revived despotism of the Sultan? 21. Compare the outcomes of China and the Ottoman Empire by the twentieth century. China Similarities Ottoman Empire
Both had experienced the consequences of a rapidly shifting balance of global power. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire after WWI led to a creation of a new but smaller nation-state in the Turkish heartland of the old empire, having lost its vast Arab and European provinces. The Japanese Difference: The Rise of a New East Asian Power
22. What was the chief task of the Tokagawa shogunate? 23. Explain the role of the daimyo under the Tokagawa shogunate (1600-1850). 24. With no national army, no uniform currency, and little central authority, how did the Tokagawa regime stabilize the country? 25. In what ways was Japan changing during the Tokagawa era? 26. In what ways did the Japanese modernize under the Meiji restoration? 27. What was the view of those who directly experienced Japanese imperialism in Taiwan or Korea?
Explain the significance of each of the following:
Commodore Matthew Perry—
Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)—
Chapter 19 Study Guide Answer Key
1. What were the four dimensions of European imperialism that showed how China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan were active participants in the global drama of the 19th C. world history and not merely passive victims or beneficiaries? They faced the immense military power and political ambitions of rival European states. They were enmeshed in networks of trade, investment, and sometimes migration that radiated out from an industrializing and capitalist Europe to generate a new world economy. They were touched by various aspects of traditional European cultures, as some among them learned...
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