# 37-Crash Course World History Video Notes:
Communists, Nationalists, and China's Revolutions
1. The 20th century was pretty big for China because it saw not one but two revolutions: one in 1911 and the more famous _____________ revolution of 1949. 2. So as you know doubt recall China lost the Opium wars in the 19th century, resulting in European domination, __________ ___ _____________, et cetera, all of which was deeply embarrassing to the Qing dynasty and led to calls for reform. 3. One strand of reform that called for China to adopt European military technology and education systems was called ______-_____________, and it was probably would have been a great idea, considering how well that worked for Japan. But it never happened in China-- 4. Instead, China experienced the disastrous anti-Western __________ Rebellion of 1900, which helped spur some young liberals, including one named Sun Yat Sen, to plot the overthrow of the dynasty. 5. Sun Yat Sen, helped establish the _____________ of China based on three principles of the people: _____________, Democracy, and the People’s _____________. 6. So the 1911 revolution led to the end of the _____________ Dynasty when the emperor (Puyi) abdicated and a new government was created. 7. Localism reasserted itself with large-scale _____________ with small-scale _____________ ruling all the parts of China that weren’t controlled by foreigners. 8. So the period in Chinese history between 1912 and 1949 is sometimes called the Chinese Republic, although that gives the government a bit too much credit. The leading group trying to re-form China into a nation state was the Guomindang (Kuomintang) but after 1920 the Chinese _____________ Party (CCP) was also in the mix. 9. An alliance between Communists and _____________ formed to reunify China. But then Sun Yat Sen died in 1925 and the alliance fell apart in 1927. 10. This turned out to be a bad break up for a bunch of reasons, but mainly because it started a ________...
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