Lactose → Glucose + Galactose
2. During photosynthesis, plants use light energy to synthesize glucose from carbon dioxide. However, plants do not use up energy during photosynthesis; they merely convert it from light energy to chemical energy. This is an illustration of:
a. The first law of thermodynamics
3. Which would be an example of catalyst in action?
a. A protein converting glucose and fructose into sucrose without being changed itself
4. Which of the following describes a transition state molecule?
a. The distorted shape the substrate takes when being converted by an enzyme into product
5. Before starch can be used for cellular respiration, it must be broken down into:
6. Energy is required to link a phosphate group to ADP to make ATP. Where does the energy come from?
a. Food we eat
7. Which of the following types of food can be oxidized by aerobic respiration?
a. Glucose, fats and proteins
8. Which of the following statements is true of aerobic respiration?
a. Glucose, fats, and proteins can be oxidized by aerobic respiration
9. In what way are the essential amino acids different from nonessential amino acids?
a. Essential amino acids cannot be made and must be obtained from food.
10. Which of the following is an example of a nutrient that helps to regulate bodily processes.
11. Calories are a measure of the:
a. Amount of energy the food contains
12. The measure of how blood glucose levels are affected by a given amount of carbohydrates is:
a. Glycemic load
13. Given enough time, sucrose can spontaneously break down into fructose and glucose in a glass of water.
14. Only eukaryotic cells depend on ATP
15. Links the study of energy to life
16. The study of energy
17. The breakdown of large molecules into smaller ones, with the release of