Development of the Baroque Italian Opera
The word "baroque" comes from the Italian word "barocco" which means bizarre. This word was first used to describe the style of architecture mainly in Italy during the 17th and 18th century. Later on the word baroque was used to describe the music styles of the 1600s to the 1700s. The Baroque period was a time when composers experimented with form, styles and instruments and saw the development of opera. This new form of music developed because composers of the polyphonic madrigal style were looking for ways to convey dramatic expression. During the Baroque period, operas were derived from ancient Greek tragedy and there was often an overture at the beginning, a solo part. Opera was born in Italy around the year 1600 and Italian opera has continued to play a dominant role in the history of the form until the present day.
This paper will discuss in detail how the Opera started and by whom. It will discuss some of the operas that were composed in this era as well as the composers. The development of Italian Baroque Opera overtime will be spoken about as well as the changing characteristics over time. At first the Operas were only performed in Aristocrat’s courts but later on became publicized. I will investigate how this came about and how it affected society at the time.
I will refer to soma few score examples as well as performances by composers such as Claudio Monteverdi, Alessandro Scarlatti and Vivaldi, as an opera was also a play to be seen and not just heard, so that comparison of early and later operas of the Baroque era would be possible.
Asiado, Tel. “Opera Beginnings from Ancient Greek Period to Renaissance.” Suite101.com. February 11th, 2012. Accessed October 30th 2012. http://suite101.com/article/opera-beginnings-from-ancient-greek-period--to-renaissance-a402991.
Bibliography: Asiado, Tel. “Opera Beginnings from Ancient Greek Period to Renaissance.” Suite101.com. February 11th, 2012. Accessed October 30th 2012. http://suite101.com/article/opera-beginnings-from-ancient-greek-period--to-renaissance-a402991. In this Article, Asiado describes Greek theatre, Medieval musical dramas, Renaissance music and dance, Camerata group and first opera Dafne. This article will help me explain how Italian Opera of the Baroque period came about as well as characteristics that were brought from the previous cultures. Asiado, Tel. “Italian Opera Beginnings”, Suite101.com. May 24th 2008. Accessed Ocotber 30th 2012. http://suite101.com/article/italian-opera-beginnings-a54891. Traces early Italian opera, including the composers of the period, the major cities, the effect of the Italian way of life, and what it signifies today. This article will give me a background of the opera composers of the Baroque era as well as their styles. “Development of Italian Opera,” in Old and Sold: Turn of the century wisdom for today. (Originally Published Early 1900 's). Accessed on October 29th, 2012. http://www.oldandsold.com/articles29/music-history-talks-10.shtml How the Italian composers came about Opera and how Peri’s Euridice beame a foundation for the genre Opera that was to follow. This article would be used inorder for me to explain the different compositions of Opera and explain how they differed in style. Estrella, Espie. “Baroque Music Timeline”, About.com Guide. Accessed October 29th, 2012. http://musiced.about.com/od/timelines/a/baroquetimeline.html. This Article identifies important events in the Baroque era including basso continuo and the meeting of the Florentine Camerata. I will use this artice to define specific terms and identify the years that important events happened .