Study Guide 1

Powerful Essays
MUS 202 Study Guide # 1 - Chapters 1 and 2
7-2-13
Europe - the earliest history of popular song is elusive and poorly documented -until the 16th century, most of the literate people in the western world were clergy and students of universities run by the church.
-9th century A.D. notation developed to accurately re-create composed music.
-vast majority of music preserved was religious.
-music of the common people was confined to oral tradition, dependent upon the memory of the performers for survival.
-12th century - song collection - Carmina Burana, compiled by male university students. Songs are tales of love, drinking, and good times.
-13th century - troubadours and Trouveres of France, and minnesingers of Germany spread popular song. Songs idolized women and romance - suitable for presentation to upper class.
-17th century - Italy - developed opera, it was sophisticated, dramatic, and theatric. Singing was demanding, technique was sophisticated and refined.
-music publishing became a profitable business
-England gave musical attention to common class consumer.
-Simple songs called airs and glees were popular with amateurs.
18th century - pleasure garden songs - landscaped gardens for dining and strolling had musical entertainment. Popularity led to publishing of the songs.
-Parlor Songs: specifically tailored for the amateur market. ABA form- Simple, rarely exceeding 3 chords - Remained popular in England and America throughout the 19th century.
Beginnings of American Popular Song
-most fashion, art, and entertainment came from England.
-Parlor songs were demanded more because of the introduction of domestically manufacture pianos around 1830.
-Primary output of American composers and publishers was sacred music.
-1789 - turning point for American secular music. New ratified constitution made national copyright act. It protected printed materials for 14 years, renewable for another 14 years.
-War time ban on theatrical activities was lifted - open

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