Assignment on Exploration of Job Satisfaction

Topics: Job satisfaction, Gender, Employment Pages: 7 (1918 words) Published: January 30, 2014
Assignment on Exploration of Job Satisfaction: A Gender Prospective of Private University Faculty Members

Submitted By
Aunonno Chowdhury (I.D. # 2008-3-70-043)
Md. Arafat Siddiqui (I.D. # 2009-1-70-014)
Md. Abu Kawsar Sarker (I.D. # 2010-3-70-017)
Md. Fahmidur Rahman (I.D. # 2008-3-70-039)
[Group – VII]

Submitted To
Asheek Mohammad Shimul
Adjunct Faculty
Department of Social Sciences
East West University

Submission Date
19/12/2012

Exploration of Job Satisfaction: A Gender Prospective of Private University Faculty Members Introduction
Job satisfaction is an attitudinal variable that reflects how people feel about their jobs overall as well as various aspects of them. In simple terms job satisfaction is the extent to which people like their jobs: job dissatisfaction is the extent to which they dislike them (Spector, 1996). Research has linked job satisfaction to a number of job environment variables. It has been shown to correlate with job characteristics, role variables, and pay. Job satisfaction has also been found to correlate with personal characteristics, including gender, age etc; and various personality variables, such as negative affectivity or locus of control (Spector, 1996). The concept of job satisfaction has been defined in many ways. However, the most-used definition of job satisfaction in organizational research is that of Locke (1976), who described job satisfaction as "a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one's job or job experiences" (p. 1304). Building on this conceptualization, Hulin and Judge (2003) noted that job satisfaction includes multidimensional psychological responses to one's job, and that such responses have cognitive (evaluative), affective (or emotional), and behavioral components. This tripartite conceptualization of job satisfaction fits well with typical conceptualizations of social attitudes (Eagley &. Chaiken, 1993). Affective job satisfaction is usually defined as a unidimensional subjective construct representing an overall emotional feeling individuals have about their job as a whole. Hence, affective job satisfaction for individuals reflects the degree of pleasure or happiness their job in general induces. Cognitive job satisfaction is usually defined as being a more objective and logical evaluation of various facets of a job. As such, cognitive job satisfaction can be unidimensional if it comprises evaluation of just one aspect of a job, such as pay or maternity leave, or multidimensional if two or more facets of a job are simultaneously evaluated. Cognitive job satisfaction does not assess the degree of pleasure or happiness that arises from specific job facets, but rather gauges the extent to which those job facets are judged by the job holder to be satisfactory in comparison with objectives they themselves set or with other jobs (Spector, 1997). The purpose of this assignment is to explore the gender difference in job satisfaction. Sometimes it is hard to understand exactly what is meant by the term "gender", and how it differs from the closely related term "sex". "Sex" refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women. "Gender" refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. To put it another way: "Male" and "female" are sex categories, while "masculine" and "feminine" are gender categories. Aspects of sex will not vary substantially between different human societies, while aspects of gender may vary greatly. Some examples of gender characteristics:

In most of the world, women do more housework than men
In the United States (and most other countries), women earn significantly less money than men for similar work Recent empirical findings have shown that women are happier with their job then men in the sociology or psychology literature. This is a surprising finding, given the...
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