ap psychology notes

Topics: Sympathetic nervous system, Autonomic nervous system, Parasympathetic nervous system Pages: 4 (1034 words) Published: February 23, 2014
1. Kent and Jebreel both ask Danielle out on a date. Kent is very attractive and a lot of fun to be with, but he’s also employed. Jebreel is older than Kent, has a secure job, and owns his own home; however, Jebreel is quite unattractive and not very much fun. Daniel chooses to go out with Jebreel instead of Kent. The ______ theory of motivation would best predict Daniel’s choice.

Concept tested: Theory’s of motivation

Page 399: Instinct theory is motivation based off of inherent automatic behavior. These occur consistently because of stimuli. This is how birds build nests perfectly as soon as they leave their family.

I chose A, Drive reduction theory. Drive reduction focuses on a homeostasis in the body. There are needs that ruin the equlibrium, and our brain responds to these with drives, a feeling that prompts action. This restores balance. This concept is wrong because Danielle makes her decision based off of herself a human being wanting to go to the more secure and safe person, which is instinct. The imbalance was not a part of this question.

Correct answer is C, Instinct.

5. Juan is obsessed with building up his bank balance, even though he is quite comfortable and prosperous now. One situation exemplifies the power of

Concept tested: Theory’s of motivation

Page 402/403 bottom right: Secondary drives are stimuli that achieve primary drives through learned mechanisms. This is usually characterized through money.

I chose C, homeostasis. Homeostasis is a state of equilibrium, with everything being equal. This has nothing to do with juan being obsess with building up his bank balance. His satisfaction by gaining more money isn’t being achieved so equilibrium is wrong.

Correct answer is B, secondary drives.

12. Tracy has recently been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. Tracy is likely to display all the following except
Concept Tested: Eating Disorders

Page 411. People with anorexia nervosa normally do not think...
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