All answers can be located in Chapters 9 and 11 of the text.
Fill in the Blank – 2 points each
Psychologists typically define personality as an individual’s unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that persists over time and across situations.
The need to be with others is called affiliation motive.
A desire to perform a behavior that stems from the behavior performed is called intrinsic motivation.
Theory which states that emotional experience depends on one’s perception or judgment of the situation one is in is called cognitive theory.
Ego = Freud’s term for the part of the personality that mediates between environmental demands (reality), conscience, and instinctual needs; now often used as a synonym for “self.”
In Jung’s theory of personality, thought forms common to all human beings, stored in the collective unconscious is called, archetypes.
Display rules are culture-specific rules that govern how, when, and why expressions of emotion are appropriate.
According to Adler, the person’s effort to overcome imagined or real personal weaknesses is called compensation.
According to Rogers, the drive of every organism to fulfill its biological potential and become what it is inherently capable of becoming. Actualizing tendency.
Personality theories that view behavior as the product of the interaction of cognitions, learning and past experiences, and the immediate environment are called cognitive social learning theories.
In Bandura’s theory, standards that people develop to rate the adequacy of their own behavior in a variety of situations is called performance standards.
According to Rotter, an expectancy about whether reinforcement is under internal or external control is called locus of control.
Drive reduction theory is the theory that motivated behavior is aimed at reducing a state of bodily tension or arousal and returning the organism to homeostasis.