1. In response to declining reading scores in local schools, John wrote an editorial suggesting that schools need to increase interest in reading books by providing students with incentives. Based on research showing a relation between use of incentives and student reading, he recommended providing a free Starbucks gift card for every ten books a student reads.
A. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts could be used to refute John's argument.
B. Explain how a specific schedule of reinforcement could be used to strengthen John’s plan.
C. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts could influence a reader’s view of John’s argument.
2. A researcher compared the effectiveness of continuous versus distributed practice in preparing for an AP Psych test. Each of two groups memorized the definitions of 40 vocab words. In group A, there were 30 participants who were all Sophomores. Participants in group A used the method of distributed practice, studying for 30 minutes on each of four evenings. They were tested on the fifth morning at 7:00 A.M. In group B, there were 30 participants who were all Seniors. Participants in group B used the method of massed practice, studying only from 6:30 P.M. to 8:30 P.M. on the evening before the test. They were tested the next morning at 7:00 A.M. All participants completed a recall test. The test measured how quickly participants recalled the definitions. The results showed that the mean difference between the distributed practice group and the massed practice group was statistically significant. The researcher provided a list of names and test scores of each individual student participant in a letter to all the