Ancient Greece
Topics: Greece, Athena, Parthenon, Athens, Zeus, Ancient Greece / Pages: 7 (1687 words) / Published: May 7th, 2013

Ancient Greece
Greece today is very different from what it was centuries ago. The beliefs are the same and the Gods who once ruled still live among in myths and tales told from generation to generation. Ancient Greece made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art, architecture, math and science. All of the achievements that ancient Greece has made was done simultaneously while fighting two wars, the Peloponnesian war and the Persian war.
Greek life was dominated by religion. So the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful, they also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or offer thanksgiving to the patron deity of a city for success in war. The Greeks developed three architectural systems, called orders, each with their own distinctive proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. In the Doric order, Parthenon which is the temple of Athena Parthenos, Greek goddess of wisdom, on the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC, and despite the enormous damage it has sustained over the centuries, it still communicates the ideals of order and harmony for which Greek architecture is known. In the Ionic order Erechtheum the temple from the middle classical period of Greek art and architecture, built on the Acropolis of Athens between 421 and 405BC. . Acropolis in Greek means "The Sacred Rock, the high city". All around the world the Acropolis of Athens is known as 'The Acropolis '. The Erechtheum contained sanctuaries to Athena Polias, Poseidon, and Erechtheus. In the Corinthian Order most ornate of the classic orders of architecture. It was also the latest, not arriving at full development until the middle of the 4th cent. B.C. The oldest known is found in the temple of Apollo at Bassae. The temple of Zeus at Athens was perhaps the most notable of the Corinthian temples.
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Bibliography: From: Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War, Benjamin Jowett, trans., (New York: Duttons, 1884), pp. 11-23, Sections 1.2-17. http://history-world.org/greek%20early.htm http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Main_Page/ http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/government/index.htm https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/citd/holtorf/7.8.html

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