Absenteeism is the term generally used to refer to unscheduled employee absences from the workplace. It needs to be handled with a certain measure of consideration depending upon the reasons causing it. Not showing up for work can cause serious problems when other employees have to cover for the missing worker, or worse, the work simply doesn't get done. In fact, the causes of absenteeism could be used to decide the appropriate course of actions to be followed. The effects of absenteeism are directly proportional to decrease in productivity and quality of work. Absenteeism is caused by personal factors such as age and seniority as well as workplace factor like work routine.
Age factor is normally referred to the younger employees who are often restless. They want to spend time with their friends and enjoy, rather than being tied down with work responsibility. This is often leads them to take unauthorized time off. For the age group, they are more experienced and matured that makes them focused and responsible. If they are found absent, there must a reason like due to sickness.
Seniority is one of the factors that cause absenteeism in the workplace. Employees who have been with a company for a long time have become well-adjusted with the environment of their job and workplace, and may have even developed a strong sense of belonging with their company. Therefore, they will find no reason to be absent without permission. However, this is contrary to new employees who are more prone to taking ad-hoc breaks to unwind themselves.
Work routine is referred to doing the same job over a period of time. When someone performed the same job over and over again for a long period of time, this eventually will cause them to get bored and lacking of motivation. For example, a clerk who worked as a typist for 10 years is bound to get bored with the job someday. Therefore, it is possible that he may tend to absent from his office...
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