1993 DBQ APUSH ESSAY
The Chesapeake region and New England was shaped because of the different social, economic, and geographic factors during the 17th century. During the entire century, New England maintained a strong; family orientated identity whereas the Chesapeake region remained divided and scattered. The Chesapeake region has a hot climate that can grow crop plantations and disease, New England’s cold and rocky climate made growing staple crops and the spread of disease difficult. The combination of poor free men, indentured servants and slaves, resulted in a larger rich and poor gap in the Chesapeake. When the New England settlers came to the new world, they had strong religious beliefs. They believed that it was their responsibility and God’s expectation that they had to create moral, Christian communities. John Winthrop reflects this in Document A by saying their failure would “open the mouths of enemies to speak evil of…God.” The Chesapeake people had similar yet, separate, goals based on the economic aspect rather than communal aspects. People’s in the Chesapeake region’s main motives were not religious, but economic. “Dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold.” This caused competition, rather than bonding, over the New England region. Document B reflects that people settled in New England with their families, whereas Document C shows that Chesapeake settlers were mostly single men. This happened because the religious freedom and practice was more appealing to families, to form communities that worship God, and resulted in a much more unified settlement. The economy of the Chesapeake region made it more profitable to spread out because of the wide range of fertile soil. This made the development of cities, schools, and churches more difficult. The focus on communal society in New England led to a decrease in property rights for women, on the basis of encouraging families and family unity. Men went to work whereas women stayed at home and did...
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