Government – a formal system of decision making to assist us Tradition – government acts, established rules and procedures which over time become tradition Democracy – “rule by the people”, system of government in which people freely choose in elections who will govern them Direct Democracy – a way in which people exercise control over political decision making Representative Democracy – democratic system in which citizens vote for representatives on their behalf Constitutional Democracy – recognition of a monarch (king/queen) as head of state, government in which monarch has only the powers laid out in the nation’s constitution and laws Crown – has ultimate power, beyond that held by any particular government at any particular time Written Constitution – drafted in 1867 BNA Act based on Bill of Rights Unwritten Constitution – based on thousand years of parliamentary tradition we inherited from Britain Bill of Rights – official document made to protect numerous rights of citizens of Canada. BNA Act – Act passed that made Canada an country, instead of ruled by Britain. An act for Union of Canada Federalism – organization of provinces, each acting on behalf of its own residents with central government responsible for matters vital to nation as whole Residual Power – Fathers of Confederation assigned all new areas of decision making that did not yet exist or listed in 1867 to federal government. Residual=leftover
1. Canada is a democratic constitutional monarchy. It provides us with healthcare, freedom, trading and skills that assist us for our future. It is a system that makes and provides some decisions for us but not take away our freedom. 2. Crown has ultimate power, beyond that held by any particular government at any particular time, it is vested in the queen, and in governor general as her representative. For example, if prime minister were to decide not to call an election within five years as required by law, governor general could order him/her to do...
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