Reproductive System

Topics: Uterus, Vagina, Menstrual cycle Pages: 3 (448 words) Published: July 29, 2013
Review operative procedures 

Review surgical procedures for each system 

Review provider specialties and specialists 

Know anatomy and physiology of each system 

Know the positions of the uterus Retroversion: Turned backward with the cervix pointing forward toward the symphysis pubis. Retroflexion: Bent backward at an angle with the cervix usually unchanged fromits normal position. Anteversion: Fundus turned forward toward the pubis with the cervix tilted up toward the sacrum.

Know the congenital opening of the male urethra- epispadias (urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis) and hypospadias (urethra opens on the underside of the penis) Be able to define: 

Oophorectomy-  When the entire uterus, including the cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, is removed during a hysterectomy, it is referred to as a panhysterosalpingo-oophorectomy.

Mammoplasty- Surgical repair of the breast

Augmentation- an adding on, or the resulting condition. 

Metrorrhagia- is uterine bleeding at irregular intervals, particularly between the expected menstrual periods. 

Orchiotomy - removal of the testicles.

Oligospermia-  Condition in which there is insufficient (scanty) amount of spermatozoa in the semen

Balantitis- inflammation of the glans penis. 

Anorchism- Condition in which there is a lack of one or both testes

Meconium- the earliest stools of a mammalian infant 

Myometrium-  Muscular tissue of the uterus

Salping/o-   A tube (usually the uterine or auditory tube).

Cervix 

Amenorrhea-  Lack of the monthly flow (menses ormenstruation)

Dyspareunia-  Difficult or painful sexual intercourse (copulation)

Enterocele-  a protrusion of the small intestines and peritoneum into the vaginal canal. It may be treated transvaginally or by laparoscopy.

Rectocele - rectal prolapse) occurs when the end of the large intestine (rectum) pushes through the back wall of the vagina.  Menopause- With decreased production of the female hormones,...
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