Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies
American Pageant Notes:
How did John Calvin's teachings result in some Englishmen wanting to leave England? Some Puritans were motivated by Calvin to break off from England and the rest of their religious group to start brand new lives. Explain the factors that contributed to the success of the Plymouth colony. The strong Puritan faith created a close religious community along with the available resources such as fur, fish, and lumber that helped the economy. Leaders such as William Bradford also kept the colony in order. Why did the Puritans come to America? The Puritans no longer felt they had safety for themselves or their religion in England, so the Massachusetts Bay Company was formed to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony for the Puritans to start a new life. How democratic was the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Explain. The colony was far from being a democracy, giving most rights exclusively to Puritan men or in some cases all men. For example, only Puritan men were allowed to vote in the colony. What happened to people whose religious beliefs differed others in Massachusetts Bay Colony? The most common consequences for not having Puritan beliefs in the colony were fines, floggings, and as in the case of Anne Hutchinson, banishment. It was very rare that someone would be hanged but it did happen in extreme cases. How was Rhode Island different than Massachusetts? Rhode Island had complete freedom of religion, and was a safe haven for people of any religion to seek refuge. This religious tolerance made the colony very unique and independent. In what ways did the British North American colonies reflect their mother country? English influence is shown in the New England farming communities, Massachusetts becoming a fishing colony because most settlers had been fishermen in England, town names, and some political practices such as ruling with an iron hand. Describe how Connecticut, Maine, and New Hampshire were...
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