SOUGHT INVESTMENT ABROAD.
- NATIONALISM WAS ANOTHER POWERFUL FACTOR. SOCIALDARWINISM, WITH ITS CONCEPT OF "SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST" AND THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE "WHITE MAN'S BURDEN" MADE POPULAR BY THE ENGLISHMAN RUDYARD KIPLING CONTRIBUTED TO THE SPIRIT OF NATIONALISM IN EXTENDING COLONIALISM. THERE...
ideology questioned the sanctity of private property?
19. The nineteenth-century movement that defended workers against their employers was
c. the labor union movement.*
Imperialism Study Guide
Imperialism – one countries domination of the political, economic and/or social life of another country
Reasons for Imperialism:
Economic – raw materials for industrial revolution, trade, cheap labor, new markets
Political – nationalism (pride and prestige), national...
AND SOCIALDARWINISMColonialism and imperialism were practiced by the countries of Europe from the 15th to the 20th century and by America during the 19th and 20th centuries. Wikipedia defines Colonialism as, “the building and maintaining of colonies in one territory...
results were subdued beneath the bigger picture or under the bias perspective of the raconteur. The Age of Imperialism conveys a dark tale. During this time period, Europeans justified their superior subjective actions towards their inferiors by using the socialDarwinism theory or the white man’s burden...
"backwards" colonies. There was a new emphasis on spreading Christianity to Africa and Asia by Western Europe. The ideology: nationalism and SocialDarwinism were also an influential factor in Africa's downfall against three very powerful nations. Four European colonial powers in particular: Great Britain...
Era of “Colonialism” which is how Europeans colonized in the Americas displacing the native population that lived there before their unwanted arrival. This new wave of imperialism in an expansion of nationalism but out side their boundaries.
The motive for this imperialistic expansion varied due...
the Industrialization and new trade ports were created in imperialized countries, such as China and India. The Europeans justified these actions of Imperializing to other nations and its citizens through the concept of SocialDarwinism. SocialDarwinism was an ideology preceded from Charles Darwin...
invested money → capitalism, industries
gap between Western and Eastern Europe increased
(at first food exports were profitable; far from trading centres, feudal serfdom became worse)
some entrepreneurs made profit
contributed to national prestige – “SocialDarwinism”: if a country has colonies that...
territorial relationship, usually between states and often in the form of an empire, based on domination and subordination" (Johnston, 2000.p.375). In its simplest form Farah and Karls (2001) describes imperialism as one country’s domination of the political, economical and social life of another...
proliferation of nationalism drove many empires to seek colonial expansion as a form of prestige and supremacy. Lastly, the growing popularity of Social Darwinist doctrines in combination with European society’s approval of imperialism further promoted colonization.
By seeking to expand their...
. Colonialism, diplomacy and war
The last part of the long nineteenth century was a proper race to territorial exapansion, overwhelming nationalism and a diplomatic intrigue. Pushed by SocialDarwinism and racial nationalist opinions, the great powers of europe, strong from their technological and...
How did imperialists justify imperialism?
The belief that they were aiding natives through religious conversion and westernization
Believed it was “god’s duty”
Promise of new wealth achieved through greater access to raw materials
Key Concept 5.3 Nationalism, Revolution...
powers to compete in terms of imperialism and militarism, SocialDarwinism had escalated the rivalry between nations and races by claiming that the fit' would prosper.
Each nation then strove for fitness', and conflict evolved due to competition. By 1914, this competition had come in the form of...
• Racism- the belief that one race is superior to others
• SocialDarwinism- theory that those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and were superior to others
• Non-Europeans on lower scale of cultural and physical development because didn’t make technological...
Imperialism is the maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural, and territorial relationshipbetween countries and often in the form of an empire based on domination and subordination. The attitude for imperialism was mainly that of SocialDarwinism. It believes that a strong nation has the...
Capitalism. “Ism”s that rose up during that time period were Capitalism, Socialism, Communism, Conservatism, Liberalism, Aristocratic Liberalism, Transcendentalism, Romanticism, Utopianism, Darwinism, Freudianism, Pseudo scientism, Utilitarianism, and SocialDarwinism.
Many of this “ism” s arose to...
Chapter 33 Notes
* Foundations of empire
* Motives of imperialism
* Modern imperialism
* Refers to domination of industrialized countries over subject lands
* Domination achieved through trade, investment, and business activities
* Two types of modern colonialism...
Imperialism/Colonialism: The seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country.
SocialDarwinism: The application of Charles Darwin’s ideas about evolution and “survival of the fittest” to human societies.
Concepts & Terms
Macro & Local Levels of Social Analysis
Local Level: Analyzing relationships of a single society (village) (Trobriand)
Macro Level: Analyzing relationshipsbetween societies and among global (colonialism, globalization, trade)