• Values Across Cultures
    to run counter to older and powerful moral codes." When the society is less individualistic (more collectivistic) then the level of corruption in a country is high (Husted, 1999) ANALYSIS: Thus comparing this information with the two countries selected it is obvious fact that India which has...
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  • Cross Cultural Communications
    individualistic cultures (AUSTRALIA) 14 * Direct * Explicit, Verbal * Informal * Spontaneous * Emotionally expressive * Self promoting The high-low context theory clearly outlines that there are significant differences between China and Australia in communication styles...
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  • Cross Culture Capability
    similarities and differences of cultures and those are as follows: 1. High Power distance to Low power distance: Power distance indicates the extent to which a society expects and accepts high degree of inequality between individuals in organizations. Like in high power distance organizations...
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  • Country culture is becoming less important
    common goal. This ultimate collectivist state is reminiscent of the Marxist ideal of global harmony, but as Keegan & Schlegelmilch have discovered, it is only currently viable in some industrialised societies. A fundamental difference between Maslow and Oshry here is that the hierarchy assumes self...
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  • Maslo
    countries - individualistic or collectivist - is incredibly valuable in cross-cultural communications, and especially within the workplace. It also illustrates how differences in values can greatly affect work atmosphere and work ethic between cultures: “ For example, societal cultures in many...
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  • A Critical Analysis of a Multinational Logistics Provider’s Entry Into Singapore’s Global and Domestic Hub"
    Hofstede), will need to adapt to when setting up in Singapore. The biggest difference is Individualism (IDV), where USA being very individualistic implies that everyone is expected to look after themselves, whereas Singapore a more collectivist country, implying the integration of groups, meaning...
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  • Managing Across Culture
    could not answer which percentage of the job losses will be borne by the U.S. Company, but French laws tightly control when employers can fire workers” (Cited in, Sutherland, 2006). Individualism Vs Collectivism: In Individualistic societies, individuals tend to look after their family and...
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  • Cross-Cultural Communication
    Cross-Cultural Communication 1. Definition of Cross-Cultural Communication Cross-cultural communication means the domestic communication between people and foreigners, but it also implies communication between the people which have different languages and cultural backgrounds. It is a field...
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  • Danish Segmentation Models
    ) Conservation Security (SEC, individualistic and collectivist) Conformity (CON, collectivist) Tradition (TRA, collectivist) 3. Self-transcendence o o Benevolence (BEN, collectivist) Universalism (UNI, individualistic and collectivist) Since individuals experience values as relevant when making choices...
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  • Non-Verbal Communication
    colleagues ([22];[23]) focus on cultural differences in persuasion strategies and present an approach of incorporating these insights into a persuasive game for a collectivist society. Maniar and Bennett [25] propose a mobile learning game to overcome cultural shock by making cultural differences aware to...
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  • Social Psycology
    ), and its manifestation is considered a sign of maturity (Pratt, 1991). On the other hand, in a collectivist society, uniqueness and individual differences are often seen as impediments to proper self-growth (Kim & Choi, 1994). Instead, the self becomes most meaningful and complete when it is...
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  • business report
    company. 3.2 Communication difficulties. Communication is a continual process that each person expresses their feelings, ideas, values and awareness with symbols (Dwyer 2009, p.5). According to Chaney & Martin 2000 (cited in Dwyer 2009) barriers in communication happen when there are differences...
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  • Intercultural communication as the Communication Process
    intercultural communication as the communication process between members of different cultural communities. Intercultural communication takes place through an individual’s interaction with dissimilar cultures. Culture and communication requite each other but they are characteristics that define and...
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  • A quarter century of Culture's Consequences
    studies. Whether examining within-group or between-groupbehavior, collectivists were more likely to cooperate than were individualists, especially when accountability was high. Reinforcing the notion that collectivists place a higher value on ingroup, rather than outgroup, well-being, several...
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  • TMA 03
    example, the differences between collectivist and individualistic societies. Having an collective culture can cause a person to be concerned about others and to want a harmony within a relationship, whereas having an individualistic culture can cause a person to be more focused on their individual...
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  • Financial Recording
    , mutual knowledge refers to the common basis of information that does not have to be repeated when communicating. To see how this works, consider the difference between two co-located employees (i.e., located in the same place) and two dispersed employees (i.e., located in different places, either down the...
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  • Cross-Cultural Organizational Behavior
    among collectivists. Across seven nations, Andolsek & Stebe (2004) also found that material job values (e.g., job quality) were more predictive of OC in individualistic societies, whereas postmaterialistic job values (e.g., helping others) were more predictive of OC in collectivistic societies...
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  • International HRM
     maintenance  of   existing  organizational  culture   &  core  capabilities     1.3 DIFFERENCES  BETWEEN  DOMESTIC  &  IHRM     Three  Dimensions  of  IHRM   -­‐ Human  Resource  Activities  (procure,  allocate,  utilize...
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  • Pest in Brazil
    collectivist culture is paramount, and over-rides most other societal rules. There is a major difference between the USA and Brazil with respect to individualism. The high Individualism (IDV) ranking for the United States indicates a society with a more individualistic attitude and relatively loose...
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  • Doing Business Internationally
    your host's country). 5. Respect holidays and time-zone differences when scheduling your communication and interactions. 6. Provide appropriate down time for people traveling across time zones and communicating in a language other than their native language. 7. Observe status and power differences...
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