. The theorists who contributed to this school viewed employees as individuals, resources, and assets to be developed and worked with — not as machines.
The differencesbetween these two thoughts of management are as follows:
DIFFERENCES | CLASSICAL THOUGHT OF MANAGEMENT | BEHAVIORAL THOUGHT OF...
Definition, scope and Nature of management The management process Levels of management Managerial roles & functions Differencebetweenmanagement, Leadership & Administration Challenges in modern management & differencebetween modern and traditional management Evolution of management theory...
Charles Babbage (1832)
Emphasized scientific approach; division of labor and specialization; motion and time studies
Frederick Taylor (1900)
Defined scientificmanagement; explored systems applications; personnel management; stressed cooperation between labor and management and...
School and its contribution to current management thinking and practice
• Explain the role that time studies have played in scientificmanagement
• Discuss the ways in which administrative approach differs from the scientific approach to management.
Sample Questions to guide group discussion
• Pursued four key goals:
Develop a science of management
Select workers scientifically
Develop and train workers scientifically
Create cooperation and group harmony betweenmanagement and
– Achieve maximum outputs
• Determined the quickest ways...
scientificmanagement theory, which were:
1. The development of a true science of management,
2. The scientific selection and training of workers,
3. Proper remuneration for fast and high-quality work
4. Equal division of work and responsibility between worker and manager
There is the age old question of what is the differencebetween a manager and a leader? Most people will say that you can’t be a manager without being a leader. Leadership and management are an ongoing development.This search for the characteristics or...
almost equally betweenmanagement and workers. Management takes over all work for which it is better fitted than the workers.
2.2.1 Classical Approach – ScientificManagement
• Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
Construction contractor, wife a psychologist. Studied work to eliminate inefficient hand and...
system on group productivity.
Hawthorne studies reflected the scientificmanagement tradition of seeking greater efficiency by improving the tools and methods of work—in this case, lighting.
1. In the first set of studies, no correlation was found between changes in lighting conditions and...
motivated and skilled individuals committed to the organization. He added that managerial sensitivity to employees is necessary to foster the cooperation needed for high productivity.
Scientificmanagement is more concerned with the relations / cooperation betweenmanagement and employees...
evolution of management thought can be studied under the following headings: 1. Pre- scientificmanagement period. 2. Early management approaches represented by scientificmanagement, process management theory and human relations movement. 3. Modern management approaches represented by behavioral...
recognition by management theorists that many management theories have been developed since the beginning of the twentieth century. These include classical management, scientificmanagement, the behavioral movement, the human relations approach, behavioral research models, and MBO. While the...
Salient Management Theories
A. Classical Approach of Management Theory:
1. ScientificManagement School.
2. Administrative Management Theory.
B. Behavioral Approach of Management Theory:
1. Mayo and the Hawthorne Experiments.
2. McGregor and...
principles governing organizing production based on division of labor and specialization, relationship between man and the machine, managing people and so on.
Neo Classical Theory— The Behavioral School:
The behavioral school of management thought developed, in part, because of perceived weaknesses...
Questions for Review
1. Briefly describe the principles of scientificmanagement and administrative management. What assumptions are made about workers? 2. What are the differencesbetween the contingency and the universal perspectives on management? How is the...
is recognition by management theorists that many management theories have been developed since the beginning of the twentieth century. These include classical management, scientificmanagement, the behavioral movement, the human relations approach, behavioral research models, and MBO. While the...
by being more productive they can help organization thrive and survive. There are two schools of thought on motivational theories, the scientific school of thought and the behavioral school of thought.
The basis of scientificmanagement is considering employees as an input to the...
can produce a larger quantity. So the volume of production is larger. At the same time, when we have a system that tries to create a large volume, we will produce more products of the same kind without any difference. This means that the products are of less variety.
ScientificManagement: In this...
today helps you and others become better managers.
The study of management begins with the classical approaches including three points: scientificmanagement, administrative principles and bureaucratic organization .First, according to Frederic Taylor’s four principles, scientificmanagement could...
contrast of the worker in the classical-scientific and behavioralmanagement. Some additional points need to be considered such as the Hawthorne studies and also the most important aspect covered is the Industrial Revolution that had the biggest influence on management.