Theoretical Position Paper
Kori E, Hudgins,
Dr. Joycelynn Flowers-Ashton
In this paper we will compare and contrast the basic theoretical positions of SigmundFreud, CarlJung, AlfredAdler and WilliamJames. We will be describing the differencesamong their perspectivesconcerning...
Thorndike (1932), and John B. Watson (1930) emerged as the primary alternative to “mentalism” as reflected in the consciousness-orientated self-theory of WilliamJames (1890) and in the unconscious-orientated psychodynamic theories of SigmundFreud (1900), CarlJung (1912), and AlfredAdler (1927) from the...
. Although not directly associated with the functionalism movement, SigmundFreud, CarlJung, AlfredAdler, and WilliamJames were clearly most concerned with how psychology could improve the lives of the individual and less inclined to laboratory research. Through each psychologist’s theory, the...
learning from to this day. Four men who made a great impact on the field of psychology, who may have worked together, and who may have even had drastically different theoretical positions are SigmundFreud, CarlJung, AlfredAdler, and WilliamJames. In the following paper we will discuss these men and...
functionalism movement that were more qualitative in nature. Although not directly associated with the movement, psychologists such as SigmundFreud, AlfredAdler, CarlJung, and WilliamJames made is possible to explain the purpose of the human consciousness. They all wanted to discover a way to improve the...
the feelings of inferiority all people share?
A) Carl Rogers
B) Karen Horney
Feedback: Correct. Adler viewed personality disturbances as the consequence of feelings of inferiority.
Points Earned: 1.0/1.0
Correct Answer(s): C
According to Carl...
Many psychologists or analysts have a different opinion when it comes to their work or the work of others. SigmundFreud, AlfredAdler, CarlJung, and WilliamJames are four men who have a different perspective not only on one another’s work but the work done by them. There are many causes...
psychology as the scientiﬁc study of human behavior marked the beginning of a more systematic approach to the
study of human personality.
Early personality theorists, such as SigmundFreud, AlfredAdler, and CarlJung, relied mostly on clinical observations to construct models of human behavior...
Constructive Theory of
WilliamJames The Principles of Psychology (1890)
CarlJung The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious (1968)
Alfred Kinsey Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953)
Melanie Klein Envy and Gratitude (1957)
R. D. Laing The Divided Self: A Study of...
CarlJungAlfredAdlerCarl Rogers Abraham Maslow Jean Piaget Noam Chomsky Herbert Simon James Olds Roger Sperry David Hubel Torsten Wiesel David Buss Marti n Daly Margo Wilson Leda Cosmides John Tooby
Effect of environment on the overt behavior of organism Unconscious mind determinants of...
Not all psychologists, however, have been content to follow what they perceive as mechanical models of the mind and humannature.
CarlJung, a one-time follower and contemporary of Freud, was instrumental in introducing notions of spirituality into Freudian psychoanalysis (Freud had rejected...
psychoanalysis, there were many psychoanalysts who disagreed with his way of thinking and were known as neofreudians. Some of these psychoanalysts are CarlJung (1875-1961), he disagreed with Freud’s idea of sex as a motivator of behaviour, showing at the end more interest in dreams and symbols.
. Like Jung, he firmly proclaimed the importance of the teleological aspects, or goal-directedness, of humannature. Another major, and related, difference in their philosophies was that Adler, much more concerned than Freud with social conditions, saw the need to take preventive measures to avoid...
____31. According to Freud, the part of the mind that is governed by the pleasure principle is the
a. id. b. ego. c. superego. d. collective unconscious. e. Electra envy object
____ 32. The analytic theory developed by CarlJung stresses that human behavior is influenced by
Subject MatterBasic Premise
John B. Watson Ivan Pavlov B. F. Skinner
Effects of environment on the overt behavior of humans and animals
Only observable events (stimulus-response relations) can be studied scientifically.
thoughts and feelings that motivate individual actions. Among psychodynamic theorists, the name CarlJung is probably second only to Freud popularity and notability. Adler's theory is more straight-forward and less abstract than Jung’s in many ways. James emphasized the notion of the individual self...
/Psychodynamics with SigmundFreud. He formulated the concept of the Inferiority Complex, wrote the Will to Power, and also founded Depth Psychology.
His work helped the development of children and the lifestyle of many others greatly.
Born: July 26, 1875 in Kesswil...
parts. “The whole is greater than the sum of all its parts” is the fundamental principle of the Gestalt movement.
A school founded by SigmundFreud, a famous Austrian physician and psychiatrist. The other proponents of psychoanalysis are CarlJung and Alfred...
interpret behavior or mental states in terms of innate emotional forces or processes.
Ernst von Brücke, early developer of psychodynamics.
Psychodynamics was initially developed by SigmundFreud, CarlJung, AlfredAdler and Melanie Klein. By the mid 1940s and into the...
impaired social and occupational functioning?
Page 19 of 21
____ 137) Which of the following is NOT a psychodynamic personality theorist?
B. Carl Rogers