• ob cheat sheet
    productivity, job satisfaction or even violence. Psychological Capital (146, K&K) Self-efficacy |Optimism |Hope |Resiliency Chapter 6 - Values, Attitudes, Job Satisfaction & CWB Schwartz's Value Theory (155, Schwartz, 2003) Power |Achievement |Hedonism |Stimulation |Self-direction |Universalism...
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  • Exam 1 Notes
    an outcome. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY Organizational Behavior modification- A theory that explains employee behavior in terms of the antecedent conditions and consequences of that behavior. ABC’s- Antecedents, Behavior, Consequence TYPES OF CONSEQUENCES...
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  • Dessler
    , ethnicity, gender, age, functional or educational background, physical and cognitive capability, language, lifestyles, beliefs, cultural background, economic category, tenure with the organisation and sexual preference (Dessler, 1998; Galagan, 1991:1/9; Bhadury et al., 2000). Daft (2003) examines...
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  • Research Method
    quantitative research is to identify the universalism of social phenomena or social behavior, therefore, the objectivity and credibility of the research methods become very important assessment indicators (Baumgarten, 2012). Morse et al (2002) believe that reliability's role is to ensure that research...
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  • values
     - comparing reactions with other experiences, such as referring to a general principle, a theory, or a moral or philosophical position. Contemplating - focusing on constructive personal insights or on problems or difficulties, such as focusing on education issues, training methods, future goals...
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  • Culture from a Personal Perspective
    like; Leadership and Organizational Culture. Many theories have been put forward by various Academic’s over the years in regards to the above and all have a grain of truth. To highlight a Chinese proverb which I think is appropriate. “Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me...
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  • Rational Choice Theory
    and cognitive factors in rational choice theory. Such efforts represent future direction of rational choice model in comparative politics. Concern with individuals decision making emerge based on attained information to achieve the desired goal of the institution. Referances 1. Bruce...
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  • Semio Glossary - Chandler
    which it is closely associated), the label is often used as a criticism, being equated with extreme idealism or nihilism. See also: Constructivism, Conventionalism, Relativism, epistemological, Linguistic relativism, Social determinism, Universalism, cognitive, Whorfianism * Decoding: The...
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  • Hr Strategy
    theories The best fit …………………………………….8 The resource-based view………………………11 The best practice school……………………….12 3. Conclusion……………………………………………..13 1. Introduction The strategic human resource management (SHRM) has close linking with human resource management...
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  • CULTURAL FOUNDATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
    which a group of people solves problems and reconciles dilemmas. 1. Universalism vs. Particularism (a) Universalism. Universalism is a belief that there exists only one single management principle that should be applied to all situations. People from universalistic cultures tend to believe that...
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  • Equality, Unity, and Superiority in Music: an Investigation Into a Theory of Musical Universals Proposed by Brown, Merker, & Wallin.
    , Merker, and Wallin appear to want a one-size-fits-all theory to account for and correct the main facades of musical universalism, and their desire is a brave one, but with it’s contradictory implications and hypothetical cumbersomeness a theory such as this would best appear in multiple widths and...
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  • Security
    to understand how values can be explored the next section reviews the literature on measuring personal values. 4. MEASURING PERSONAL VALUES IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Based on the work of Rokeach (1973), Schwartz and Bilsky (1987) devised a theory of universal types of values as criteria by...
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  • Leadership Definition
    needed. CRT(cognitive resources theory) considers situations in which the leader’s cognitive resources can be an asset or a liability to the leader and to group performance. The Contingency Model has several practical implications for managers:*leaders must understand their style and the situation to...
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  • ethics
    almost unpre-dictable, although Kantian deontology and utilitarianism seem to be hard toignore. Many authors also include such perspectives as egoism, virtue theory,theories of justice, theories of rights, universalism, ethical relativism, an ethicof caring, and so on, Tbe theoretical foundations of...
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  • Maritime Research
    , given shape and definition, and made functional in a number of different ways that are not uniformly distributed across cultural communities around the world. "Universalism without the uniformity" is one of the slogans cultural psychologists sometimes use to talk about "psychic unity," and about...
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  • Social Constructionism
    Constructionism and its Influence on the Practice of Psychology Social constructionism endeavours to elucidate the dialogical nature of the social world (Misra & Prakash, 2012). Gergen has described social constructionism as a metatheory of knowledge, and a theory in practice similar to cognitive or...
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  • job description
    individual’s actions toward humanity? a. Utilitarianism b. Nonconsequentialism c. Categorical imperative d. Universal imperative 8. Universalism is also referred to as a(n) a. results-based approach. b. self-interest approach. c. duty-based approach. d. entitlement-based approach...
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  • current
    consistent patterns of thought, feelings, and actions” (McCrae & Costa, 1990, p. 23), values are cognitive representations of desirable, abstract, trans-situational goals that serve as guiding principles in people’s life (Schwartz, 1992). Schwartz’s value theory postulates 10 basic values from...
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  • Second Language Acquisition: Sociocultural or Cognitive or both?
    ? Cognitive Linguistics Goldberg and Casenhiser (2008) dispute Chomsky's universalism believing language to be constructed from input. Although they agree with most linguists that form itself is useless without meaning, according to their Word Grammar theory, communication consists of speakers using a...
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  • Danish Segmentation Models
    , safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization needs. Milton Rokeach (1973) also discussed the relationship between values and needs. He said, “Values are the cognitive representations and transformations of needs, and man is the only animal capable of such representations and transformations” (p. 20...
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