Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory (SCT), is defined as a cognitively oriented learning theory that emphasizes observational learning in determining of behavior. SCT is a stem from the social learning theory (SLT), with a back round dating back to the late 1800’s.2 Bandura presented the SCT with his book: Social Foundation of thought and action: A social Cognitive Theory.2 SCT has shown children acquire much information through observational learning. Bandura focuses on: Observational Learning, Reciprocal Determinism, and Self-Efficacy. Observational Learning. Bandura says one of the ways we learn is through observing others. This can be through a parent, teacher, another child, or a character on television. This type of learning is not always reinforced, a child can learn without engaging, but just by paying attention to the task at hand, termed as vicarious capability. A coding of this information has taken place to be modeled at a future time. This information can only be used if it is retained, which is possible by the human ability to form symbols. “Once stored… they must be converted into appropriate action for modeling to occur…2 Reciprocal Determinism. Bandura suggest that “environment causes behavior, true; but behavior causes environment as well.”3 This is labeled as Reciprocal Determinism: “the world and a persons behavior cause each other.3 The SCT explains behavior in terms of a triadic, dynamic, and reciprocal of the environment personal factors, and behavior…The 1 interaction between the three factors will differ based on the individual, the particular behavior being examined and the specific situation in which the behavior occurs.”3 This makes the model extremely complex. Self-Efficacy. “Is the belief that one has the capabilities to execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations.”4 Self-Efficacy differs from efficacy-the power to produce (competence). Pajares says it is also important to know the distinction between self esteem and self efficacy as well. “Self esteem relates to a person’s sense of self-worth, whereas self efficacy relates to a person’s perception of their ability to reach a goal. For example, say a person is a terrible rock climber. They would likely have a poor efficacy in regard to rock climbing, but this wouldn’t need to affect their self-esteem; most people don’t invest much of their self esteem in this activity.”4 My Personal Development
I have chosen this theory because I love to observe. Some things can not be taught, or read from a book, but can be experienced. I believe you do not know what being in love is until someone breaks your heart; what hot is until you are burned; or the likes of ugly, before you have seen a type beauty. But more importantly, being able to observe these things to even know what they are. If someone is constantly telling you what to do, and how to do it (even though they may be right), you will be living their life and not your 2
own. I rather experience it my self to see how I feel about. What works for someone else, will not necessary work for me, and vice versa. You will never understand something completely if you do not do it your self. Furthermore, I think it is important to get it out of your system early, before you make a mistake to late in life that you can not make-up for. I did a lot from elementary to about the age of sixteen. Nothing was to too bad, but it was a lot of different things, doing this at a later age it would have been worse. The environment I was raised in caused my negative behavior, and my behavior changed the environment around me (the way people looked and felt about my actions), an example of reciprocal determinism, but I learned my lessons, and the memories and consequence have continued to reinforce my actions today. Social Development
My whole life has been based on what I like about of others, what I should do to obtain it, and how I want to use it in my life. If you asked was I a...