• Mutilating Self Into Spirit: Sylvia Plath's Poems.
    of revenge on the male Ego. * “Irony as a principle of Structure” an Essay by Brooks. Cleanth Brooks article makes a lot of claims about the importance of metaphors and irony in literature. He has highlighted the use and importance of irony in a very impressive and literary way. His article...
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  • Historical Criticism
    confidence in intuition than in “consequitive” reasoning. TOTAL WORDS: 500 Part B: Quote 1 In his essay entitled, “Irony as a Principle of Structure” author Cleanth Brooks utilizes several of the elements found in formal criticism to decipher a number of poetic interpretations. Among such...
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  • The Waste Land: an Overview
    four hundred and odd lines to achieve the same end. In 1939 Cleanth Brooks put forward his subtle theory of the all-permeating irony in The Waste Land in Modern Poetry and the Tradition. After making an elaborate analysis of the major symbols, images and references in the five movements of The...
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  • New Criticism
    impoverish theory by making irony or paradox a unique principle of structure, and he points out with sharp effect that the balancing and reconciliation of opposites that Brooks held to be the sole differentia of "poetic" language was in fact the characteristic of all connected discourse. By Brooks's own...
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  • Apostrophe to Helen
    Mephostophiles brings Helen for the second time, more true to the Pathetic Faustus’ vision. In this context Cleanth Brooks’ (Sunday Times, 20 February 1966) comment deserves mention, “…it is a sound psychology that Faustus demand at this point greater distractions and more powerful narcotics than he had earlier...
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  • reader respone theory
    fragments of statue remain that is left of ozymandias and his great works. ‘reader_ response criticism’ is a reaction against Anglo_ American ‘New criticism’ of the postwar period. The position of new criticism is associated with such US critics as Cleanth Brooks, W. K. Wimsatt and Monroe Beardsley, and...
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  • Pointless Violence Under a Veil of Tradition in “the Lottery”: a Discovery Via the Tools of Irony and Symbolism Within the Framework of Formalism
    violence disguised by the notion of tradition and maintained by blind superstition and this meaning can be discovered using the theoretical approaches of formalism. To renowned formalist critic, Cleanth Brooks, one of main areas of concern for criticism is unity. Each part of the text is necessary...
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  • Syllabus
    ; Imagery etc. Reference Kane, Thomas S. The New Oxford Guide to Writing OUP - 1988 Brooks, Cleanth and Warren R. Modern Rhetoric New York: Harcourt, 1958 Bradford, William – Structure, Style and Communication. OUP – 1980 Paper 1V Group B2 (Optional) Writing for Media Section A:News for the Print and...
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  • Formalism
    "universal" truths that literary works might hold concerning what has been popularly called "the human condition." These truths are considered by New Critics to be static, enduring, and applicable to all humanity. Leading new critics include I.A. Richards, Cleanth Brooks, Northrop Frye, John Crowe...
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  • Reflection
    women who have no actual connection to one another. However, T.S. Eliot writes these women’s stories underneath the same title. Critics, Edmund Wilson and Cleanth Brooks, discovered that, “every part of it is connected with the other, not in a conventional way, but by means of a complicated system of...
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  • Modern Views on John Donne’s Love-Poetry with special Reference to “The Canonization”
    Metaphysicals 4. Cleanth Brooks – a representative of the New Critics 5. The counter-movement: Reading Donne with background-knowledge 6. Ben Saunders’ Freudian Approach in Desiring Donne 7. A comprehensive view: Wilbur Sanders’ John Donne’s Poetry 8. Conclusion 9. List of...
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  • What Seem to Be the Objective Features of New Criticism with a Particular Focus on Three Poems by Afred Lord Tennyson
    historical or biographical elements which are likely to affect the objective reading of the poem. In The Well Wrought Urn, Cleanth Brooks expresses the New Critics concern with the strongly historical approach by which the reader might 'identify the "poetry" with certain doctrines or with certain...
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  • Formalist Literary Theory
    meaning in a poetic work. Emergence of New Criticism The prominent figures in the movement for the New Criticism were John Crowe Ransom, Allen Tate, Robert Penn Warren, and Cleanth Brooks. They initiated a professionalization of American literary studies – one way of spreading the ideas of New...
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  • Sociological Approach
    intrinsic factors, not on the extrinsic ones. It produced such brilliant practitioners as Empson, Robert Penn Warren, Allen Tate, Cleanth Brooks and J.C. Ransom. It has its limitations. These critics developed terminology that approached jargon. They became an ‘exclusive’ group. R.S. Crane has...
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  • literary teory
    possible in connotative poetic tropes such as paradox, irony and metaphor, tropes which either join ordinary objects to universal meanings (metaphor, symbol) or reconcile seemingly opposed elements (irony, paradox). Cleanth Brooks for instance, notices in a famous close reading of that Keats’ poem...
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  • Formalism
    concerning the human condition. These truths are considered by New Critics to be static, enduring, and applicable to all humanity. Leading new critics include I.A. Richards, Cleanth Brooks, Northrop Frye, John Crowe Ransom, T.S. Eliot, and Roman Jacobsen. These thinkers consider literature to be a...
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  • Critical Analysis of "The Lottery"
    and Warren 251). Works Cited Brooks, Cleanth. "an interpretation of ‘The Lottery'." Understanding Fiction. Eds. Cleanth Brooks, and Robert Penn Warrant. N. p.: Appleton, 1959. 72-76. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Vol. 9. Ed. Thomas Votteler. Detroit: Gale, 1992. 250-252. Cervo, Nathan...
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  • Ma English Syllabus
    Tradition, Vol. 1 (Macmillan: 1986) 3) William Wordsworth : Preface to Lyrical Ballads Formalist Approach and New Criticism *1) T.S. Eliot : Tradition and the Individual Talent 2) I. A. Richards : Pseudo-Statements *3) Cleanth Brooks : Irony as Principle of Structure. 4) Wimsatt and Beardsley : The...
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  • Thesis Part 1
    literary works might hold concerning the human condition. These truths are considered by New Critics to be static, enduring, and applicable to all humanity. Leading new critics include I.A. Richards, Cleanth Brooks, Northrop Frye, John Crowe Ransom, T.S. Eliot, and Roman Jacobsen. These thinkers consider...
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  • Alfred Housman
    certain preferred themes. The most common theme discussed in the poems is time and the inevitability of death. He views time and aging as horrible processes and has the attitude that each day one lives is a day closer to death Cleanth Brooks stated, “Time is, with Housman, always the enemy.” The joy and...
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