E-Ticketin

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  • Topic: Public transport, Oyster card, Contactless smart card
  • Pages : 97 (20376 words )
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  • Published : April 15, 2013
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Study on electronic ticketing in public transport

FINAL REPORT

Prepared by:
Mohamed Mezghani

May 2008

Contents

Page
OBJECTIVE AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY .................................................... 3 PUBLIC TRANSPORT PRICING AND (E-)TICKETING CONCEPTS ............... 5 1.

Public transport pricing ......................................................................... 4

2.

Public transport ticketing ....................................................................... 7

3.

Electronic ticketing in public transport..................................................... 8

ANALYSIS OF (e)-TICKETING SCHEMES IN PUBLIC
TRANSPORT NETWORKS ........................................................................ 12 1.

Collected information and references .................................................... 12

2.

Description of pricing and ticketing in selected cities ............................... 12

3.

Main issues to be addressed when developing e-ticketing ........................ 25 3.1 Fares .......................................................................................... 25 3.1.1 The responsibility for setting fares ......................................... 25 3.1.2 Fare structure ..................................................................... 25 3.1.3 Passenger-based discrimination............................................. 27 3.2 Ticketing ..................................................................................... 27 3.2.1 Ticketing spectrum .............................................................. 27 3.2.2 Integration ......................................................................... 28 3.3. E-ticketing schemes ..................................................................... 28 3.4 Smartcard technology ................................................................... 31 3.4.1 Smartcard types .................................................................. 31 3.4.2 Interface ............................................................................ 32 3.4.3 Memory.............................................................................. 33 3.4.4 Security ............................................................................. 33 3.4.5 Near Field Communication .................................................... 34 3.5 Interoperability ............................................................................ 35 3.5 Advantages/Disadvantages of using e-ticketing standardised ............. 40 3.6 Business model ............................................................................ 41 3.7 Business case of e-ticketing schemes.............................................. 42 3.8 Clearing mechanisms .................................................................... 44 3.9 Exploitation of e-ticketing data ...................................................... 46 3.9.1 Operation-related information ............................................... 46 3.9.2 Card-related information ...................................................... 47 3.9.3 Journey-related information .................................................. 48 3.10 Impacts and results of e-ticketing schemes ..................................... 49

EMTA – Study on e-ticketing in public transport

2

Objectives and scope of the study

EMTA has established a working group1 to work on the issue of electronic ticketing. This group is mandated to generate knowledge, exchange/compile information and learn from the experience of its members in the field of electronic ticketing. In this framework, EMTA has launched a study on electronic ticketing in public transport under the supervision of the working group and with the assistance of Mohamed Mezghani, public transport consultant. The study has the following objectives:








To collect and analyse the relevant information related to the state-ofthe-art of e-ticketing (in particular...
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