A Study to Determine the Level of Awareness About Hiv/Aids Among Pupils of Kakutu Primary School in Budaka District

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A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS ABOUT HIV/AIDS AMONG PUPILS OF KAKUTU PRIMARY SCHOOL IN BUDAKA DISTRICT

BY
KIZITO MUDAMBO
REG NO: DOT/129/07/08

A RESEARCH PROPOSAL SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF A DIPLOMA IN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY OF MULAGO PARAMEDICAL SCHOOLS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SPORTS

APRIL 2010
DECLARATION
I, Kizito Mudambo, declare that the contents of this proposal are a result of my own work and have never been submitted to any University or other institution of higher learning for an academic award.

Signed:…………………………………Date………………………………
KIZITO MUDAMBO
(STUDENT)

APPROVAL
This research proposal which is about the knowledge, attitude and practices among primary school pupils about HIV/AIDS was under my supervision and approval.

Signed:……………………………………Date:……………………………….
BEENE RICHARD
(SUPERVISOR)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
DECLARATIONii
APPROVALiii
TABLE OF CONTENTSiv

CHAPTER ONE1
INTRODUCTION1
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY1
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM3
1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY3
1.4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES3
1.4.1 Overall objectives3
1.4.2 Specific objectives4
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY4
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY4
1.7 RESEARCH QUESTIONS4

CHAPTER TWO5
LITERATURE REVIEW5
2.1 INTRODUCTION5
2.2 KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES ABOUT HIV/AIDS6

CHAPTER THREE8
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY8
3.1 INTRODUCTION8
3.2 STUDY DESIGN8
3.3 STUDY POPULATION8
3.4 AREA OF STUDY8
3.5 SAMPLE SELECTION8
3.6 SAMPLING METHODS AND PROCEDURES8
3.7 DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMENTS9
3.8 STUDY PROCEDURES9
3.9 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF THE STUDY9
3.10 CHALLENGES AND PROBLEMS TO THE STUDY9

REFERENCES10
APPENDIX I WORK PLAN12
APPENDIX II BUDGET13
APPENDIX III QUESTIONNAIRE14

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The study will investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary school pupils towards HIV/AIDS. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-seminal fluid, and breast milk. AIDS is now a pandemic. In 2007, it was estimated that 33.2 million people lived with the disease worldwide, and that AIDS killed an estimated 2.1 million people, including 330,000 children. Over three-quarters of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa, retarding economic growth and destroying human capital. Although treatments for AIDS and HIV can slow the course of the disease, there is currently no vaccine or cure. Antiretroviral treatment reduces both the mortality and the morbidity of HIV infection, but these drugs are expensive and routine access to antiretroviral medication is not available in all countries. Due to the difficulty in treating HIV infection, preventing infection is a key aim in controlling the AIDS pandemic, with health organizations promoting safe sex and needle-exchange programmes in attempts to slow the spread of the virus. There is no doubt that the HIV/AIDS epidemic holds the most serious threat in recent memory to South African society. With a total number of 5.3–5.6 million infected people by the end of 2003, South Africa has the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world (Department of Health, 2004; UNAIDS, 2004). It is predicted that 250,000 people will die annually in the present few years due to AIDS-related illnesses and that this figure will rise to 500,000 by the year 2007 (Fraser-Moleketi, 1999: 1). The same source mentions that approximately 1600 people are being infected daily with the HI-virus in South...
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