A Research Paper on Reducing Logistics Carbon Emissions

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A Research paper on Reducing Logistics Carbon Emissions

What is Carbon Emissions?
Carbon Emissions is the release of Carbon into the atmosphere. Carbon is released by the transport sector; by the manufacturing processes; and by the heating, cooling, and electricity for buildings. Carbon Emissions to the atmosphere is mainly from the burning of fossil fuels. The release of carbon is measured in metric tons.

What is impact of Carbon Emissions on climate change?
The emission of carbon to the atmosphere results into global warming[1]. The carbon dioxide in the atmosphere acts as blanket to contain radiated heat and raises over-all global temperature to dangerous levels. Global warming leads to ozone layer depletion, melting glaciers, sea level rise, freaky weather and climate change, and depletion of species. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s report (2007) says that evidence is now ‘unequivocal’ that humans are causing global warming [2]. It refers to Carbon dioxide (CO2) that enters the atmosphere as a result of human activity. The changes in the atmosphere, the oceans and glaciers and ice caps are due to human activities. The world’s average surface temperature has increased by around 0.74°C over the past 100 years (1906 - 2005), whereas a warming of about 0.2°C is projected for each of the next two decades. Sea-level is expected rise in the range of 28 - 58 cm by the end of the century due to ocean expansion and glacier melt. Sea ice is projected to shrink in both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Snow cover has decreased in most regions, especially in spring. Our environment has an amazing ability to heal itself over time. In a normal carbon cycle, carbon dioxide is re-absorbed by plants and trees. Global warming can be reversed. The recent innovations in technology help to improve the environment. The scientists have developed green energy technologies such as wind, solar and nuclear energy, bio-fuels to prevent emissions of greenhouse gasses.

Why care about carbon emissions?
Climate change is fast becoming a major problem for world. As a result of the consistent growth of emissions, the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) has increased from the preindustrial level of 280 parts per million (ppm) to today's 370 ppm, a 32-percent increase. In the last 20 years, the atmospheric concentration of CO2 has increased at the unprecedented rate of 1.5 ppm a year. Global emission levels have increased by 14.6 per cent between 1990 and 2006. According to researchers at the Global Carbon Project, a consortium of international researchers, the growth rates were 0.8% from 1990 to 1999. From 2000 to 2005, they reached 3.2%[3].In other words, between 2000 and 2005; emissions grew four times faster than in the preceding 10 years. . The world carbon emissions continued their relentless upward trend, surpassing 6.5 billion tons. According to the IPCC (the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), the average global temperature could rise 4.50C by 2050, resulting in climate change. Global warming is a critical issue affecting even survival of species including human being on the earth. There is need to reduce greenhouse gases GHG emissions from a variety of sources with technologies innovations.

How are some companies leveraging green products to improve the bottom line?

Green technologies add to the bottom lines. It is the “win win situation” associated with the green technology. Companies save energy, earn Carbon credit and improve bottom line. At the same time Companies save the environment also and the community at large reaps the benefits. Environment-friendly measures help achieve both higher margins and goodwill and also meet the stringent laws also. Here are some examples: Companies can go far Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects and register with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in their pursuit towards sustainable...
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