A Comparison Between the Sentence in English and Arabic

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  • Published : May 20, 2011
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Title: Slips of Speech

Author: Hussain H.Mayuuf
A helpful book for everyone who aspires to correct the everyday errors of speaking and writing. CONTENTS
CHAP. PAGE
INTRODUCTION, . . . . . . . . . . . 3
I. TASTE, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
II. CHOICE OF WORDS, . . . . . . . . . . 15
III. CONTRACTIONS, . . . . . . . . . . . 118
IV. POSSESSIVE CASE, . . . . . . . . . . 124
V. PRONOUNS, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
VI. NUMBER, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
VII. ADVERBS, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
VIII. CONJUNCTIONS, . . . . . . . . . . . 156
IX. CORRELATIVES, . . . . . . . . . . . 162
X. THE INFINITIVE, . . . . . . . . . . 166
XI. PARTICIPLES, . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
XII. PREPOSITIONS, . . . . . . . . . . . 174
XIII. THE ARTICLE, . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
XIV. REDUNDANCY, . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
XV. TWO NEGATIVES, . . . . . . . . . . . 194
XVI. ACCORDANCE OF VERB WITH SUBJECT, . . 198

INTRODUCTION

Homer, in all probability, knew no rules of rhetoric, and was not tortured with the consideration of grammatical construction, and yet his verse will endure through time. If everybody possessed the genius of Homer, rules and cautions in writing would be unnecessary. To-day all men speak, and most men write, but it is observed that those who most closely follow Homer's method of writing without rules are most unlike Homer in the results. The ancient bard was a law unto himself; we need rules for our guidance. Rules of writing are the outgrowth of the study of the characteristics and qualities of style which distinguish the best writers from those of inferior skill and ability. Grammarians and rhetoricians, according to their several lines of investigation, set forth the laws and principles governing speech, and formulate rules whereby we may follow the true, and avoid the false. Grammar and rhetoric, as too often presented in the schools, are such uninviting studies that when school-days are ended, the books are laid aside, and are rarely consulted afterward. The custom of formally burning the text-books after the final examinations— a custom that prevails in some institutions— is but an emphatic method of showing how the students regard the subjects treated in the books. If all the rules and principles had been thoroughly mastered, the huge bonfire of text-books in grammar and rhetoric might be regarded a fitting celebration of the students' victory over the difficulties of "English undefiled." But too often these rules are merely memorized by the student for the purpose of recitation, and are not engrafted upon his everyday habit of speech. They are, therefore, soon forgotten, and the principles involved are subject to daily violation. Hence arises the need of books like SLIPS OF SPEECH, in which the common faults of speakers and writers are pointed out, and the correct use of words shown. Brief and informal in treatment, they will be read and consulted when the more voluminous text-books will be left untouched. The copious index appended to this volume will afford a ready reference to the many subjects discussed, and will contribute greatly to the convenience and permanent value of the book. SLIPS OF SPEECH

"We should be as careful of our words as of our actions."— CICERO. CHAPTER I
Taste
Taste is a universal gift. It has been found in some degree in all nations, races, and ages. It is shown by the savage in his love of personal decoration; by the civilized man in his love of art. But while it is thus universal, it is as different among men as their faces, complexions,...
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