Historical: Troy is a city that guards the entrance to the Black Sea, and so it's likely that they were harassing the Greeks' trade routes.
Mythical: Paris stole Helen from king Menelaos of Sparta. Menelaos was brother of Agamemnon of Mycenae.
One of the horrific acts committed in the "House of Atreus" (not the literal house, but the family that includes Atreus) was that he did what to Thyestes' children?-
He chopped them up, put them in a stew and fed them to Thyestes
Eris B. Eros-
What was the Judgment of Paris? If you don't know the story, you'll miss a question.
The competition between Hera, Athena and Aphrodite, in which Paris chooses Aphrodite so he can gain Helen as his wife.
Helen and Menelaos ruled over??
The rape of Helen particularly offended Zeus because it violated his rules of- hospitality
You'd better know about Philoctetes being abandoned on Lemnos .-
He was bitten by a snake and left behind because the bite caused him to stink and swear constantly
What did Lucretius think the sacrifice of Iphigenia demonstrated?-
the power of religion to make men do evil things
The Iliad does NOT tell the story of the Trojan Horse. .-
It tells of one incident in the 9th year of the war
What amateurish thing did Schliemann do at Troy? . .-
he didn't realize cities are buried in layers, so he dug down indiscriminately
Milman Parry followed the Serbo-Croatian poets around and discovered what about their technique? This relates to the Homeric Question.-
They were improvising; Not telling the same story every night; A special poetic language was used; epithets used to give time
recieving the respect that one has earned by one's accomplishments and family connections; honor
The Greek word hubris refers to-
a refusal to ask the gods for help
the personification of ruin, folly, and delusion
How did Odysseus try to get out of fighting the Trojan War?-
He pretended to be insance, plowing the seashore.
What did Thetis do to try to keep her son away from Troy?-
She dressed him up as a girl and placed him on the island of Scyros
According to Homer, the deciding factor in bringing about the death of Odysseus' men was the following:-
their recklessness during the return home, particularly the fact that they ate the cattle of Hyperion/Helios the sun god
Why did Odysseus give Polyphemus Ismarian wine?-
In order to get him so drunk that he passes out and his men can attack
What animal did Odysseus use to escape from Polyphemus' cave?-
The Sheep of Polyphemus
What made it possible for Polyphemus to curse Odysseus?
Remember in class I talked about the power of the name.- Odysseus reveals his name as his is taunting Polyphemus when they are sailing away from the island
Circe, after turning Odysseus' men into swine, was temporarily able to "unman" Odysseus with-
What was the secret power of the Sirens' song? Remember I called them "sycophants" in class.-
they sing songs that praise the listener and it makes them want to sail their ships into the rocks to try and hear it, which leads them to their doom
Over whom does king Aeolus rule on the island of Aeolia?-
What does Scylla look like?-
A hideous monster with 6 dogs coming out of her stomach
A typical motif of the "hero on a journey" is the idea that he must navigate through obstacles of desire and:-
The literal meaning of nostalgia is ????? Think of the land of the Lotus-eaters.- the longing for a homecoming
What plant did the Lotus-eaters eat? (See how easy this class is?)-
The Lotus Plan Fruit (Date-Plum)
"Calypso" in Greek means ???? Remember I talked about the Apocalypse of John.-
To conceal..the concealer
Which of the following words best characterizes Penelope, wife of Odysseus?- faithful