Writing Skills

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THINK LITERACY: Cross-Curricular Approaches, Grades 7-12 Writing Strategies Revise WWW Introduction to Writing Strategies Generating Ideas: Rapid Writing Setting the Context (What Do My Readers Want to Know?) Adding Content (Pass It On!) Developing and Organizing Ideas: Webbing, Mapping and More Supporting the Main Idea Adding Details Revising and Editing: Reorganizing Ideas Asking Questions to Revise Writing Peer Editing Proofreading Without Partners Writing for a Purpose: Using Templates: Writing a Procedure Writing an Information Report Writing a Business Report Writing an Explanation Posters for Instruction: Writing

Generate Ideas Organize Writing Revise and Edit 98 102 104 108 112 118 124 128 132 136 140 142 144 147 148THINK LITERACY: Cross-Curricular Approaches, Grades 7-12 W Introduction to Writing Strategies 97 Students learn to write by writing. They need regular opportunities at school to write in all subjects. A consistent approach to the writing process in all subject areas and explicit instruction on the writing process by the subject teacher help students become better writers. Models of good writing in the subject area, and

feedback that is constructive and formative, are critical to students’ growth as writers. Generate Ideas Revise & Edit Develop & Organize The Writing Process Struggling writers need: • regular, meaningful opportunities to practise writing in subject-specific contexts. • teachers who model the writing process and demonstrate its usefulness. • opportunities to talk about their writing. • prior knowledge about language, subject content, and the world. • knowledge of different writing forms and their characteristics. • expanded sight vocabularies for subject-specific writing. • strategies to become independent writers in any context. Promoting Consistency Students are sometimes confused by differences in writing requirements from subject to subject within the same school. Although different subjects require different types of writing assignments, all writing can follow the same process. By adopting a consistent writing process across all subject areas, teachers ease some of the stress associated with writing, and help students build confidence and skill as writers. The Writing Process

The writing process involves generating ideas, developing and organizing the ideas, and revising and editing them. Effective writers cycle through these stages until they are satisfied that the writing achieves its purpose. Generating Ideas In all subject areas, students need to develop skills for getting what they know about a topic down on paper, and generating ideas or finding additional facts. They also need skills to check whether their writing is on-topic and fulfills its purpose. Further, they need to be able to explain the writing assignment and the process they are following to effectively complete the assignment. Developing and Organizing Ideas Students need to know how to organize what they have learned about any topic or assignment into a well-structured whole. In longer writing assignments, they need to know how to create a strong, focused introduction that catches the reader’s interest; how to link ideas in logically connected paragraphs that contain enough supporting detail; and how to conclude with a strong ending. Revising and Editing Students need individual and group skills to assess their own work and the work of others for content, clarity, form and style, and for errors in grammar, punctuation and spelling. Ultimately, students have individual responsibility for the accuracy of their work, but they need to know how to help each other improve.THINK LITERACY: Cross-Curricular Approaches, Grades 7-12 W 98 Generating Ideas: Rapid Writing When students engage in rapid writing at the beginning of a writing assignment, they access their prior knowledge, engage with content, review and reflect, and begin to set direction for writing letters, essays, and other subject-based assignments....
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