Why Were the Statesmen at the Congress of Vienna so Reluctant to Give Serious Consideration to the Establishment of an Independent and United Italy

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Why were the Statesmen at the congress of Vienna so reluctant to give serious consideration to the establishment of an independent and united Italy?

The Congress of Vienna was a peace conference after the Napoleonic Wars.  During the Congress of Vienna the European powers, Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia began to draw up a settlement that they hoped would ensure them a place in Europe. This settlement, from 1814-1815 was dominated by a few leading statesmen from the major powers.  Austria’s chancellor Prince Metternich had a major influence at the Vienna peace conference.  Britain’s foreign minister, Lord Castlereagh, Russian Tsar Alexander I and Prussian King Frederick William III also played important roles at the congress.  Additionally, the foreign minister of defeated France, Prince Talleyrand, was able to play a significant role at the peace conference. The main aim of the congress of Vienna was to return Europe to political stability and to prevent France from causing so much trouble again. The person who had the most impact on the Congress of Vienna was the statesmen, who was a Austrian foreign minister, Prince Klemens Metternich. He knew that for the meeting to be a success, he would have to modify his conservative ideals for a new Europe. Wanting to secure the Austrian predominance, Metternich tried to form German and Italian confederations, both under Austrian rule. Along with Castlereagh, Metternich opposed to the elimination of France. Metternich also agreed that Russia must be kept form obtaining too much control. Another plan that Metternich wanted to achieve at the Congress of Vienna, was long-lasting order in Europe. But his biggest hope for the Congress of Vienna was to restore conservative governments in the new Europe. The treaty mainly reflected the views of Metternich and the desires of Austria, which had even greater control over Italy affairs. The Austrian control and influence was dominating the unification of Italy and after...
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