What was the impact of imperialism on subject populations? Use at least two different examples of the colonial experience to illustrate your answer
Imperialism has played a major part in the way our world is shaped today, its effect on subject populations can be interpreted from a variety of different perspectives, both negative and positive. In the modern day world however it is perceived as being negative. For example, British Imperialism in India is said to have made both a positive and negative impact on the Indian population, as well as this, imperialism had an impact on the Rwandan uprising; the British used a strategy called; divide and conquer which created major division between the Hutu and the Tutsi. I will also talk about the impact British imperialism and Zionist Colonialism had on the way Mandate Palestine was shaped, in the years between 1929 and 1948, when the British controlled the Palestinian territories. Roza I. M. El-Ein (2006).
Imperialism can be defined as being the ‘policy by which the stronger nation attempts to create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, culturally, or militarily.’ Loraine Lupinskie-Huvane (2007). Both Imperialism and Colonialism can go hand in hand, the only difference between the two ideas ‘is that colonial powers settle the countries in which they gain control whereas Imperial powers do not.’ Loraine Lupinskie-Huvane (2007). In Edwards Said’s book ‘Culture and Imperialism’ he talks about how there was a response to Western dominance in The Third World which resulted in a movement of decolonization. Edward Said also mentioned how colonial imperialism has not always been met with open arms, and has been met with armed resistance from places like Algeria, Ireland and Indonesia. Edward Said (1994).
Firstly, In the case of Palestine, one can trace the displacement of 750,000 - 800,000 men, women, and children, the elderly and infant civilians back to the recommendation for the partition by the British Commission at the time. In that sense, the creation of Israel is often equated with the process of colonisation. Fal Ahluwalia (1999). The process of the creation of Israel set out to get rid, and ethnically cleanse all Palestinians from the land and create an all Jewish state with a "kind of sovereignty over land and peoples that no other state possessed or possesses" (Said 1980: 84). This process began in December 1947, five months before the British Mandate ended; Britain did nothing to deter it. When the Palestinian uprising (or intifada as it is known) begun in December of 1987, it was seen as being one of the great movements of anti- colonialist resistance. Fayez Sayegh wrote a document in 1965 entitled ‘Zionist Colonialism in Palestine’, he placed Zionist Settler colonialism within the same vicinity as European Colonialism, but he says that the Zionist project was different to other settler colonial movements. He does this by highlighting how ‘’aspiration to racial self-segregation, its rejection of any form of coexistence or assimilation, its unbending drive towards territorial expansion, and the necessary violence, structural and physical, it has to employ to achieve its goals.’’ F Sayegh. (1965). In conclusion British Imperial rule did play a large role in the creation of the State of Israel consequently resulting in thousands of being displaced and thousands being killed, and so the impact British imperialism has on the Palestinian population was all around negative.
Secondly, European colonialism played a major role in the 1994 Rwandan civil war between the Hutu and the Tutsi. ‘It resulted in 300 000 orphans and a famine and cholera that created 40 000 Hutu refugees. 500 000 to 1000 000 people died in the first 100 days.’ [http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=183847]. Both Colonial powers; Belgium and Germany divided the Hutu and the Tutsi into groups whereby the Hutu were said to be more intelligent because of how they looked...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document