WATER CRISIS IN INDIA
India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in India is one of them. Food and drinking water are quite essential for people’s comfortable living. When these two are scarce sometimes people suffer untold miseries. India suffers from water shortage for cultivation and drinking despite the fact that many big rivers, some of them perennial rivers, flow through some parts of India. In the south there are the Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, and other rivers. In the north there are the mighty Ganges, Brahmaputra and other rivers. Much of the water goes to the sea unused. Though we have much natural resources, we still suffer, because our knowledge of utilizing these natural resources to the maximum advantage is inadequate. The two main reasons for water crisis in India is Global Warming and deforestation. Global warming causes the Glaciers to melt and there is more water in Himalayan rivers and much of the water goes unused and deforestation causes less evaporation of water as a result there is less or no rainfall which leads to drought. When summer is quite severe sometimes what was once a large reservoir of water shrinks to a pool. Both human beings and animals suffer for want of water. If it rains it rains and rains and there is a flood. The cultivated crops under deep water rot and perish. When there is inadequate yield of crops there is famine. Rice and wheat scarce and there is scarcity of every type of grain There are two extremes in India. The nation goes without water or there is heavy rain resulting in flood. While the north suffers from flood sometimes, sometimes the south suffers from inadequate water supply. The cultivated fields do not have enough water and the yield of crops is inadequate. People suffer without enough drinking water.
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