War by Luigi Pirandello

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HOW TO TEACH LISTENING

CONTENT
Definition
Why teach listening?
Teacher’s and students’ difficulties
Top tips
A successful listening activity
Listening exercises

LISTENING
Listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying. This involves understanding a speaker's accent or pronunciation, his grammar and his vocabulary, and grasping his meaning (Howatt and Dakin). An able listener is capable of doing these four things simultaneously. WHY TEACH LISTENING?

Students hear different accents and varieties.
Listening helps students to acquire language subconsciously. Listening is a receptive skill.
Education.
Mass communication.
‘WHAT A DIFFICULT TASK…’
Teaching listening skills is one of the most difficult tasks for any ESL teacher. Sometimes students feel frustrated because they find listening difficult… Why?

DIFFICULTIES
Students are trying to understand every word.
Students go back trying to understand what a previous word meant. Students just don’t know the most important words.
Students don’t recognize the words they know.
Students have problems with different accents.
Students get tired.
Students have mental block.
Students are distracted.
Students cannot cope without images.
Students have hearing problems.

TOP TIPS
PRE- LISTENING

Tell your students “ DON’T WORRY”
Make sure students know what they are listening for before you start listening

Give questions to check students comprehension
Check for any words that your students may not know
Check for any words that your students may not know

Short listening

Stop the recording
WHILE LISTENING:

Try to play the recording once for overall comprehension and then for specific details. Take notes ( dates, places, people)
Repeat the recording especially in the difficult parts

POST-LISTENING:
Compare their notes in small groups.
Encourage debates and answer questions.
Write a summary of the main points and then compare.
Make a list...
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