Sri Lanka is an agricultural country and most of its people live in villages. A village is a collection of small huts in the midst of fields on which the village farmers work. Some villages are big while others are comparatively small. They are generally cut off from the cities and have a different kind of life.
Village life has its own charms. Cowper says, “God made the country and man made the town.” Villagers live very close to nature. It is in the country that nature reveals all her beauties to man. Natural beauty of the village has been a source of inspiration for poets, philosophers and artists.
The villagers pass a healthy and peaceful life. There is no smoke and noise of the city factories. The sounds of scooters and motor-rikshaws and other vehicles do not disturb the peaceful atmosphere of the village. They breathe fresh air which promotes their health. They also get pure ghee and milk. There is no hustle and bustle and no worry as in the modern city life. The villagers, therefore, are happy and healthy. They lead a simple life and their desires are few. They are satisfied with what they have and never dream of those luxuries and comforts that modern science has provided us with in such ample measure.
Most of the people who live in villages are farmers. They cultivate their farms situated in the neighbourhood of the village. They go to their fields early in the morning where they work till evening; ploughing, sowing or reaping according to the season. Spinning and weaving is one of the most important cottage industries in the village. It helps to increase their meagre income. Besides this, some people keep shops and provide the necessities of life to the villagers. Others work as potters, carpenters, blacksmiths, etc., to fulfil their needs.
The villagers are deeply religious. They worship a number of gods and goddesses. They devote regular time to prayer and worship, the village priest enjoys great respect. But they are highly orthodox...
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