This essay will discuss my values and those used in social care practice, sociological and psychological influences regarding discrimination and anti-discrimination. The meaning of discrimination and anti-discriminatory practice and to identify and describe three pieces of legislation designed to promote anti-discriminatory practice.
Values and beliefs are about what a person finds important to you; what a person believes to be right and wrong. Values are usually learned by primary socialisation, parents or family members which may change throughout a person’s life. One personal value is being non-judgemental. This value originated from hearing people judging others including myself.
Another personal value is being honest; this value originated from primary socialisation. If a person is not honest that person may not be trusted. The third value is empathy, in order for me to do my job well I have to show empathy toward people so they feel I am listening to their concerns and they in turn feel valued. Care values that underpin social care practice are belief’s about the right way to treat the client or service user; when the care values are put together, this makes up the care value base.
The value base is about promoting anti-discriminatory practice, maintain the individual’s confidentiality, promoting their right to dignity, privacy and to help the individual become more independent, valuing individual’s personal beliefs and identity, protecting service users from abuse and communicate effectively to provide care that is individually based to their needs and wants. Discrimination and anti-discrimination practice is were a person or persons are treating other people/groups of people less than others due to factors such as their race, disability, colour, gender, age, nationality, ethnic origin and religion. Anti-discriminatory legislation is put in place to prevent discriminatory practice.
Another form of discrimination is institutional discrimination this refers to the policies of the dominant race/ethnic/gender in institutions and the behaviour of individuals who control these institutions and implement policies that have a differential and/or harmful effect on the minority race/ethnic/gender groups within that institution.The equality act (2010) “consolidates and replaces the previous discrimination legislation for England, Scotland and Wales” in Equality and Human rights Commission (January) 2011.
People must not allow their views or beliefs effect the way they treat the service user. The protected characteristics of The Equality Act (2010) are; age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation in the Anti-discrimination Act (1991) which is now replaced by The Equality Act (2010). A potential dilemma or conflict in care that could effect a care workers values and belifes could be where a service user has diabetes and refuses to eat foods to meet the specific needs of their condition, as a service user, they have the right to choose what they wish to eat, however, as someone supporting that person, has a duty to care and must explain the risk of eating non diabetic foods to the service user.
The Equality Act (2010) set out the different ways in which it is unlawful to treat someone with discrimination, harassment, victimisation and failing to make adjustments for someone with a disability in Equality and Human Rights Commission (March 2011).
The sociological influence on the understanding of discrimination and anti-discriminatory practice may be better understood by reference to Bronfenbrenner`s circle of influence. The inner circle represents the individual, the next circle is represented by family, work and the neighbourhood and the next circle represents the shared cultural values, beliefs and laws. As an individual we are influenced by family (microsystem) and the wider community (macrosystem). Our family defines our...