Reduce, Renew, And Innovate: U.S. Environmental Policy And Energy Resources
May 25, 2013
The nineteenth and twentieth centuries brought many wonderful inventions that advanced the human race into a world of technology driven by energy. The need for consumable fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas needed for energy are growing on such a rapid pace that international production facilities can barely keep up with global demand. In BP’s “Statistical Review of World Energy 2011”, global data showing that average daily crude oil consumption surpassed production by over five million barrels per day during the year 2010. The sheer size and scope of the oil industry, current consumption habits and dependency on oil are so immense that the thought of an alternative solution is almost laughable; especially since the United States and China are the top oil consumers in the world (CIA, 2011). According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, historical data shows that the price of Brent crude oil has risen exponentially in just the last 18 years. The price in May 1987 was listed at $18.55 a barrel where in May 2013 the price posted in triple digits of $104.55; an escalation of $86 U.S. dollars (USEIA, 2013). Increasing alternative energy technology and methods will take decades to create as well as implementing policy to reinforce the foundation for alternatives. Both government and inter-American corporations should interact with each other to move towards alternative energy solutions because businesses respond to policy measures implemented by the government and the government ensures that their policies stimulate innovation. Alternative energy technologies enhance energy consumption and provide cleaner emissions that reduce the amount of toxic gaseous discharges. Renewable energy is generated from renewable sources i.e. wind, solar and water also known as hydroelectric. The development of human energy reduction habits can be one of the first and most profound short-term steps the United States can take in its war on energy consumption. Waste reduction measures found in green buildings and their construction as well as changing human consumption habits such as carpooling and turning off office utilities at the end of the day can be effective measures for decreasing energy needs. The long-term goal is for the government and private organizations to develop renewable energy sources while reducing dependency on oil, which can be a strategic goal for strengthening U.S. environmental policy.
First, developing renewable energy sources while reducing dependency on oil can be a strategic goal for strengthening U.S. environmental policy. Therefore improving and implementing alternative technology into society can further reduce the need for foreign consumable energy imports and protect the environment. The establishment of a strong domestic bioenergy industry is an important pathway for providing Americans with sustainable, renewable energy alternatives. For example, a fuel used for transportation made from an energy crop that can grow on marginal lands unsuitable for producing food, or even from municipal waste or algae. Such fuels could go directly into the gas tank of your vehicle, warm your house, or power a commercial airplane. With research and development to produce these fuels sustainably and affordably, homegrown alternatives can be substituted for a transportation sector that is so heavily dependent on oil (EERE, 2013). These efforts also support the goal of the Renewable Fuel Standard included in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 to produce 22 billion gallons per year of advanced renewable transportation fuels by 2022 and increase bio-power generating capacity. Through efforts to replace the whole barrel of oil with bio-based products, the Bioenergy Technologies Office is helping the United States move toward a more secure, sustainable, and...
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