University Grants Commission

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Governance and Management :Education in India is coordinated by several agencies. While the university system falls within the jurisdiction of the UGC, professional institutions are coordinated by different bodies. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for coordination of technical and management education institutions, others are Medical Council of India (MCI)3 which inspects and visits to maintain proper standard of medical education, permission to start new medical college and new courses etc. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) for formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) which plans, conducts and promotes research, education and training related to agriculture area and other such organisations. Another coordinating agency is Association of Indian Universities (AIU). This board acquired legal status with its registration in 1967 as a Society under the Societies Registration Act.4. All the universities and other equivalent institutions are members of the AIU. The AIU has no executive powers, but plays an important role as an agency for sharing information and cooperation in the field of education, culture, sports and allied areas. In addition, as an advisor both to the government and/or UGC and universities. Organisation of the UGC: The first attempt to formulate a national system of education came in 1944, when Sargeant report recommended formation of a University Grants Committee to oversee the works of the three Central Universities of Banaras, Aligarh, and Delhi. In 1947, the Committee was entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with all the then existing universities. Following the recommendations of the University Education Commission set up in 1948 and headed by Dr S Radhakrishnan; in 1952, the Union Government decided that all cases pertaining to the allocation of grants-in aid from public funds to the universities and institutions of higher learning might be referred to the University Grants Commission. Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated by late Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister of Education, Human Resources and Scientific Research on 28 December 1953.5 The UGC Act, 1956: The UGC is a statutory organisation established under an act of Parliament in 1956, for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education. An amendment is under consideration of the Government of India to meet the emerging challenges. According to the Section 2(f) of this Act, a University is recognised by the UGC, which is established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act and may include any such institute in consultation with the University concerned. Powers and Functions of the Commission :The Commission shall take all steps for the promotion and co-ordination of University education, determination and maintenance of standards of teaching, examination and research in Universities, in consultation with universities or other bodies concerned. For this, UGC may inquire into the financial needs of universities; allocate grants from its Fund to universities for their maintenance, development and other general and specified purposes. UGC may recommend to any university for necessary improvement in education and advise the action to be taken for implementing such recommendation. It can also advise the Central or any State Government regarding grants to universities or any other issue. Regulation of fees and prohibition of donations in certain cases .If the UGC is satisfied that it is necessary so to do in the public interest, after consultation with the related University; it may specify by regulation the matters in respect of which fees may be charged, and the scale of fees according to which fees shall be charged. According to this regulation, no college can charge fees in respect of any other matter other than specified...
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