All health and social care sectors have to follow principles and values, principles explain to people what the right way to behave is, whereas values are based on what beliefs are important to the person and what they believe to be right and wrong for themselves as an individual. There are many principles and values such as empowerment, choice, rights, respect and confidentiality. Empowerment of individuals is important when planning care as this is the way in which a health or social care worker will encourage an individual to make decisions and take control of their own life. Empowerment is a process that builds a person's self-esteem and confidence in their ability to make decisions. This can also be linked to promotion of choice, as it allows individuals to have control over their lives by choosing what they want for themselves such as what clothes they want to wear or how they want their hair. Carers should allow individuals to make choices for themselves if they are independent enough. All health and social care organisations have to respect and value all individuals, despite their religious or cultural beliefs or attitudes. By embracing diversity it demonstrates to care workers and individuals how valuing each other in our daily behaviour can have a positive impact on working practices and the culture of the organisation. This can be linked to promotion of rights, as all individuals have a right to confidentiality, choice, to be acknowledged and respected. Have the right not be discriminated against, to be able to practice their cultural and religious beliefs and to receive equal and fair treatment according to their needs at all times.
All care workers who provide care for people who are vulnerable have to ensure they recognise their preferences. This will allow the individual to stay in control of their own lives, individuals should be able to say which type of support they wish to receive according to their needs. For example an elderly lady in a care home may choose to be washed and dressed by a woman care worker. This can be linked to planning what support a person may need as the individual should be asked what services and support they wish to use. Care should be focused on the individual to ensure that independence is promoted, this means that care should be person-centred. When carers are planning support they should find out what the individuals qualities, abilities, interests and preferences are.
By ensuring that these principles and values are followed, it ensures that a holistic approach is taken. “A holistic approach is looking at all of the persons needs such as physical, intellectual, emotional, social, cultural and spiritual”. Stretch and Whitehouse (2010)
When producing a care plan cycle it is important to consider all of the individuals needs and how this cycle can help meet them. When the first assessment is taken, the needs of the person may not be so apparent, therefore it is important to set certain dates to review and update the cycle if necessary and ensure all the individuals’ needs are being met.
The care plan cycle starts with the person being referred to a new place such as a care home, people can be referred by family, a GP, they may refer themselves or support/social worker may refer them. The organisations will then do a holistic assessment this may be done by a care manager. They will then have to identify what services the person already uses such as meals on wheels or day centres. Then they will set targets for the person to achieve, record what care is required and who has what roles and responsibilities. The next stage of the care plan is recording this is to know what is to be done or what has been done to ensure the right care is given. All carers who will be involved in the care of the individual need to be informed of what actions are being taken and imply the actions and know the date of completion. Care will monitored by the manager or carers....
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