Unit 4 Notes

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Crime and Deviance Revision
SCLY 4: Crime and Deviance with Methods in Context
Sociology Department
Greenhead College
SCLY 4: Crime and Deviance with Methods in Context

Remember:

You have to revise everything, because you have no choice on the exam paper. http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763742848/Exploring%20Criminal%20Justice-Ch%203.pdf http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/sociology/using-materials-from-item-a-and-elsewhere-assess-the-strengths-and-limitations-of-official-statistics-for-the-study-of-ethnicity-and-educational-achievement.html http://www.kingsley.worcs.sch.uk/media/24965/a2_crime_and_deviance_methods_question_advice.pdf

http://www.kingsley.worcs.sch.uk/media/24965/a2_crime_and_deviance_methods_question_advice.pdf

The specification

1 Different theories of crime, deviance, social order and social control * Different definitions of crime, deviance, social order and social control * The distinction between sociological theories of crime and other theories (eg biological, psychological); crime and deviance as socially constructed * Functionalist theories of crime: Durkheim, anomie, collective conscience; Merton’s strain theory; manifest and latent functions; functionalist subcultural theories * Marxist and neo-Marxist theories of crime: classical Marxism, laws reflecting class interests; Neo-Marxism, hegemony, the CCCS studies, critical and new criminology * Interactionist theories of crime: labelling theory, the self-fulfilling prophecy * Feminist theories of crime: patriarchy, male control of women’s lives * Control theory and other contemporary approaches to crime: social bonds, communitarianism, situational prevention; postmodern theories; Foucault on individualisation and surveillance * Realist theories: New Left Realism and Right Realism

* The relevance of the various theories to understanding different types of crime, and their implications for social policy.

2 The social distribution of crime and deviance by age, ethnicity, gender, locality and social class, including recent patterns and trends in crime * Study of statistics and other evidence on the social distribution of crime by age, ethnicity, gender, locality and social class, including recent patterns and trends * Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance by age: juvenile delinquency and youth crime * Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and ethnicity: explanations from different theories, racism in the criminal justice system * Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and gender: explanations of the rates of male and female crime, the gendering of crime, chivalry thesis, the gender deal * Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and locality: rural and urban crime * Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and social class: explanations from different theories; white collar crime; occupational crime.

3 Globalisation and crime in contemporary society; the mass media and crime; green crime; human rights and state crimes * Globalisation and crime: examples and explanations of globalised crimes such as web-based crimes, global trades in drugs, weapons and people; global corporate crime * Mass media and crime: media’s role in social construction of crime including moral panics and amplification; crime and news values and agenda setting; representations of crime (both fact and fiction) * Green crime: definitions, criminalisation of environmental offences; extent, enforcement of green crimes: environmental laws, corporate and state environmental crimes, crimes against non-human species * Human rights and state crimes: international rules and norms and examples of violations of them; human rights violations; state crimes.

4 Crime control,...
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