Unit 4 Assignment
There are many legislations that influence healthy safe and secure environments for early years settings these include: the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 which all settings have responsibilities under this means that settings must meet certain rules to make sure all children our safe. It also means that settings have to be careful that there is no risk of injuries to anyone. This means that everyone in a children’s setting has responsibility for the safety and health of everyone there. Regarding settings which educate or care for children the Health and Safety at Work Act states: that buildings should be in a good stable position with the safety of the people using it, the building and surroundings should be safe and clean, all equipment of the setting should be stored and used safely and that working practises must promote safety and health of children. Another legislation is the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrence Regulations 1995 this requires the report of setting relating accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences. It applies to all the settings activities however it doesn’t to all incidents. The following are the things that must be reported to the health and safety person in the setting. Death or very serious injury to a child, staff member or member of the public, certain setting related illnesses and dieses, an over three day injury and a dangerous occurrence- something that has clearly could have been done but does not actually result in a reportable injury. Another legislation is the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 which states that substances which can injure or make people ill should be used as well as stored safely, for instance substances such as bleach, paints and chemicals. This legislation states that any potentially dangerous substances or materials must be labelled showing they are hazardous also they must be stored correctly in a locked cupboard. E2 There is many common accidents that children can have and there are many procedures to prevent them as well: * A very common accident is suffocation as babies and young children cannot push covers or other items off their face to prevent this no pillows or duvets should be used with a child under 1 year, also suffocation from plastic bags is very often with children and babies as they see the bag as a toy and explore it. * Falling; down stairs, from highchairs, raised surfaces, cots etc. happens very often with children as when they become mobile they want to explore and don’t have any understanding of danger, the prevention for this occurrence is always use a stair gate in a setting, have a suitable harness when a child is in a highchair and never leave a child on a raised surface. * There are many common illnesses amongst children as well such as chickenpox (varicella) is a disease caused by infection with the varicella zoster virus. The symptoms include fever and an itchy, blister-like rash. Other more severe complications can occur, including bacterial infection of the skin, pneumonia, and swelling of the brain. To prevent this illness it is best to make sure the child is vaccinated as well as remembering that it is highly contagious so if any child has it in the setting their parents should be informed and they should be taken home and treated so no other child in the setting can be infected. * Asthma attacks- make sure the setting enquire all information from parents about their child's asthma control and current treatment. This information can be recorded on a settings asthma or illness record sheet. If a child has an asthma attack the setting should make them comfortable (in whatever position is best for them) away from the other children in a quiet area. To prevent attacks make sure the child has their inhaler or medication kept in the setting in an easily accessible location. Not locked away but still out of reach of other children. Before active...
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