Unit 4

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Unit 4- keeping children safe

E1)
* Health and safety at work Act 1974- The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, also referred to as HSWA, HSW Act or HASAWA, is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in Great Britain. The Health and Safety Executive with local authorities (and other enforcing authorities) is responsible for enforcing the Act and a number of other Acts and Statutory Instruments relevant to the working environment. The health and safety at work act 1974 says that all practitioners have an employer’s duty which is too work safely, show health and safety law poster, also that business with 5 or more staff should have a health and safety policy. Also the health and safety act says you must make sure your works practice does not put anyone in danger.

* Controller of substances hazardous to health (COSHH) regulations 2002-The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 is a United Kingdom Statutory Instrument that states general requirements on employers to protect employees and other persons from the hazards of substances used at work by risk assessment, control of exposure, health surveillance and incident planning. There are also duties on employees' to take care of their own exposure to hazardous substances

* Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations 2006-

* Children Act 2006-

* The Food Safety Act 1990-
E2) the procedures that will keep a child safe in a setting and reducing accidents are that all staff checks that there is no spillages on the floor. Meaning if you do notice a spillage on the floor don’t just leave the spillage for someone else to clean up for you as by then a child could have already slipped and injured themselves. If you have not seen the spillage and a child trips or injures themselves then you should always get another member of staff to check the area were the child’s been and see if they can see the course of the child who as injured themselves. If you are on your own when a child receives an injury then you should always make sure you draw your attention to the child. If the child’s injuries are serious then you should inform parents straightaway and seek medical help and also before you leave make sure you have filled out the accident book and that you have got every detail is correct and accurate as what exactly happens should be wrote down in the accident book then go through with the parent what has happened to their child and get them to sign the accident book and give them their copy of the document. Also if a child receives a bump to the head the first procedure to be taken place is to check the child’s level of response and get a cold compress to reduce any swelling that may appear. Ensure that the accident is recorded and the parents are informed at the end of the day and explain how you went about to reduce the swelling. Keep an eye on the child for the rest of the day and make sure they are ok and give lots of care.

When a child has an asthma attack the procedure to be taken out is to get their blue inhaler, sit the child forward with comfort then gives them medication after three minutes and repeat after another three minutes. If it doesn’t improve go to hospital and get seen by a nurse/doctor. If it is not necessary to see a nurse or doctor then you should make sure that you look after the child in a professional manor. E3) an appropriate care plan for the day for a 1 year old would be that they have a set plan for example. Explain health and safety * 8-9 breakfast/bottle- with this you would have to consider health and safety as all bottles must be at the right temperature and make sure that all children are using the right cutlery and they have the breakfast they should.

* 9-10 play in baby room with toys suitable for age range/sleep. – health and safety needs to be consider here as some children may sleep in cots and then the staff needs to...
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