Assignment 333 – Task A
The main current legislation within England is the ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children Act 2010’. However there are more including ‘The Education Act 2002’, ‘The Children’s Act 2004’ and ‘The Data Protection Act’.
The ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children Act’ sets out how organisations and individuals should work together the safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people in accordance with the ‘Children’s Act 2004’. Employers are responsible for ensuring there employees are aware of their responsibilities and are confident and competent in carrying out their responsibilities and are able to recognise and respond to safeguarding concerns. It sets out the processes to be followed when a child dies and when undertaking a ‘serious case review’. Professionals must take special care to safeguard children and young people who may be living in particularly stressful circumstances, these may include families;
* Living in poverty
* Social exclusion
* Domestic violence
* Mental illness of a parent or carer
* Parental problem drug use
* Parental problem alcohol use
* Parents with a learning disability
The Children’s Act 2004 is now the basis for most official administration. It aims to improve children's lives and give the legal underpinning to ‘Every Child Matters: Change for Children. The guiding principles of this act are;
* To allow children to be healthy
* Allowing children to remain safe in their environment
* Helping children to enjoy life
* Assist children in their quest to succeed
* Make a positive contribution to the lives of children
* Help achieve economic stability for our children's futures
In April 2006 a few structural changes were made. Education and social services are now required to work together and communicate with each other. They have now found a common assessment and all services can access this information through a database.
The Data Protection Act 1998 ensures that all personal information is kept secure. It specifies information must be relevant and up to date. This information must only be collected for a specific reason and it can only be held for as long as it is needed. The sort of information that may be held can include the following; * Name/ Address/ Numbers
* Next of kin
* Emergency contact info
* Background information on family
* Doctor’s details
* Reading, writing, maths and spelling skills
* Learning difficulties
* Statement of special needs
Using a local primary school as an example, each school have a designated person responsible for safeguarding the well-being of the children and young people. Even though there is a designated person all staff are responsible to recognise and respond to safeguarding concerns, whether they are paid staff or volunteers. In the chosen school’s policy it is the designated person’s responsibility to ensure all staff knows the name of the designated person and his/her role. The school must ensure that all members of staff receive training on signs and symptoms of abuse every three years and know how to respond appropriately to a pupil who may disclose abuse. The Governing Body will ensure that the school reviews its safeguarding children and young people policy annually.
In the case of a child needing immediate medical treatment, they should be taken to the school’s designated first aider, where appropriate action will be taken. This may involve;
* A call or delivery to the local health centre
* Delivery to hospital
* Call to emergency services
If the designated person suspects there are indications that the cause of the problem may be related to child abuse, the medical professionals must be informed.
If it is believed a child is at risk and may be suffering, or at risk of suffering significant harm,...